# On 6

Image from sportsclipart.com

Six (6) is one of those numbers that we can associate with many things, so I didn’t intend to capture everything about it. Nonetheless, it’s a special number that I honor in this post, so feel free to add additional factoids about 6.

In Mathematics

• 6 is a composite number, perfect number, Granville number, congruent number, discrete biprime number, unitary perfect number, harmonic divisor number, all-Harshad number, octahedral number, triangular number, and a superior highly composite number
• 6 is the smallest positive integer which is neither a square number nor a prime number
• 6 has proper divisors (1, 2 and 3) … and is divisible by itself
• 6 equals the sum and the product of its proper divisors, which are three consecutive positive numbers (1, 2, 3)
• A 6-sided polygon is a hexagon (including a cube) , but not all hexagons are a cube
• There are 6 basic trigonometric functions
• In base 6, 10 is the equivalent of 6
• 6 squared is 36, but 6 to the 6th power is 46656, yet the square root of 6 is 2.44948974278

In Science

• A neutral atom of carbon contains 6 protons and 6 electrons
• The cells of a beehive are 6-sided

Benzene Ring

• Insects have 6 legs
• A benzene molecule has a ring of 6 carbon atoms
• Snowflakes have six-fold symmetry
• A hexamer is an oligomer made of six subunits
• Messier object M6 is in the constellation Scorpius, and is also known as the Butterfly Cluster
• The New General Catalogue object (NGC 6) a spiral galaxy in the constellation Andromeda
• There are 6 types of quarks and 6 types of leptons in particle physics
• The six-vertex model has 6 possible configurations of arrows at each vertex
• There are six phases in pandemic influenza
• Human Chromosome 6 has over 170 million base pairs and is associated with epilepsy, Parkinson disease, and Guillain-Barre Syndrome

In Musical Instruments

• A standard guitar has 6 strings
• Most woodwind instruments have 6 basic holes or keys
• There are 6 semitones in a tritone

In Entertainment

• Take 6 is a Grammy Award winning Christian vocal jazz group
• Les Six (“The Six” in English) was a group consisting of the French composers Georges Auric, Louis Durey, Arthur Honegger, Darius Milhaud, FrancisPoulencandGermaineTailleferre in the 1920s

Image from vector-images.com

• Bands with the number 6/six in their name include Six Organs of Admittance, 6 O’clock Saints, Electric Six, Eve 6, Los Xey (seiis Basque for “six”), Out On Blue Six, Six In Six, Sixpence None the Richer, Slant 6, Vanity 6, and You Me At Six
• #6 is the pseudonym of American musician Shawn Crahan, when performing with the band Slipknot
• Six geese a-laying were given as a present on the sixth day in the popular Christmas carol, “The Twelve Days of Christmas”
• Johann Pachelbel’ composed Hexachordum Apollinis into 6 arias
• Beethoven, Bruckner, Haydn, Mahler, Mozart, Tchaikovsky, and probably others composed notable Sixth Symphonies
• Six Pack is a ZZ Top album
• Six Degrees Of Inner Turbulence, the sixth album by Dream Theater, includes six songs with the sixth song tells the stories of six individuals suffering from various mental illnesses
• Bionic Six is an animated series that lasted 2 years (65 episodes)
• Number 6 is a character in the movie I Am Number Four
• Films include Six Pack is a 1982 comedy drama, Six-Pack a 2000 thrilled, and Sixpack a 2011 Finnish comedy

In Religion

• 6 Points on a Star of David

Interfaith graphic by Justice St. Rain (Bahá’í Community) of Interfaith Resources

• 6 Orders of the Mishnah
• 6 Symbolic foods placed on the Passover Seder Plate
• Yahweh took 6 days to create the world in the Old Testament Book of Genesis; humankind was created on day 6
• The Jewish holiday of Shavuot starts on the sixth day of the Hebrew month of Sivan
• The Six Articles of Belief (Islam)
• Fasting six days of Shawwal (Islam)
• A trasarenu is the combination of 6 celestial paramānus (atoms) (Hinduism)

In Language and Culture

• Other words for six include VI (Roman numerals), zes (Dutch), sei (Italian), seks (Norwegian), shesh (Hebrew), kuusi (Finnish), sita (Swahili), anim (Filipino)
• Hexa is classical Greek for “six”, thus terms as hexagon, hexahedron, hex nut
• The prefix hexa- also occurs in the systematic name of many chemical compounds, such as “hexamethyl”
“Hexadecimal” combines hexa- with the Latinate decimal to name a number base of 16
• Hexameter is a poetic form consisting of 6 feet per line
• Sex- is a Latin prefix meaning “six”. Thus: sextet, sextuplets, sexdactyly (6 fingers), sextant (whose shape forms one-sixth of a circle)
• Senary is the adjective meaning “sixth”
• 6 is a lucky number in Chinese culture
• No more than 6 degrees of separation between any two people
• There are 6 tastes in traditional Indian Medicine called Ayurveda: sweet, sour, salty, bitter, pungent, and astringent
• Coffins are buried 6 feet below ground, thus 6 feet under

In History

• The Six Dynasties form part of Chinese history
• The Birmingham Six were held in prison for 16 years
• 6 facts about the sixth day of the sixth month (June 6th): D-Day (WW II), RFK assassination, National Day of Sweden, Orwell’s 1984 first published, first drive-in theater opened in the US, Queensland established
Augustus ruled the Roman Empire during both 6 BC and 6 CE
• In the ancient Roman calendar, Sextilis was the sixth month, but after the Julian reform, June became the sixth month and Sextilis was renamed August
• Sextidi was the sixth day of the decade in the French Revolutionary calendar

In Sports

• The National Basketball Association has 6 divisions
• The National Hockey League started with 6 teams

From allfreevectors.com

• Smaller high schools play 6-man football (not the traditional 11-man)
• In soccer, the number of substitutes combined by both teams, that are allowed in the game
• Volleyball and ice hockey play with 6 players on each side
• A team earns 6 points for a touchdown American and Canadian football
• Australian Rules football teams earn six points for a goal
• In cricket, team scores 6 runs when the shot a “six/sixer” when the ball clears the boundary without bouncing
• In NASCAR, driven by 37 different drivers in 322 races, but only Cale Yarborough drove #6 into the winner’s circle (and only once)
• Tour de France has 6 mountain stages
• Retired #6 sports jerseys
• MLB: Bobby Cox, Steve Garvey, Al Kaline, Stan Musial, Tony Oliva, Johnny Pesky, Joe Torre
• NFL: None
• NBA: Walter Davis, Julius Irving, Avery Johnson, Bill Russell, and Orlando Magic and Sacramento Kings fans
• NHL: Ace Bailey

In Technology

• On most phones, letter M, N, O are found on the 6 key
• The “6-meter band” in amateur radio includes the frequencies from 50 to 54 MHz
• 6 is the resin identification code used in recycling to identify polystyrene
• Perl 6 is a programming language

Miscellaneous

• “Six” is used as an informal slang term for the British Secret Intelligence Service, MI6
• Six Flags amusement parks and theme park
• Trivial Pursuit games have 6 categories
• The highest number on one end of a standard domino

A Golomb Ruler from Wikipedia

• Odds of rolling a 6 drastically changes with the number of dice: (1) 1 of 6 (16.7%) , (2) 5 of 36 (13.9%), and (3) 10 of 216 (4.6%)
• A Golomb ruler of length 6 is a “perfect ruler”
• The Six Restaurant (Los Angeles)
• Six Sigma is a statistical modeling process aimed at quality improvement
• International maritime signal flag for 6
• 6 Cardinal Directions: north, south, east, west, up, and down
• 6 years is the standard term for a United States senator
• 6-pack is a common form of packaging for 6 bottles or cans of drink, number of fundamental flight instruments lumped together on a cockpit display, other assemblages of six items, defined abdominal muscles (rectus abdominis, external and internal obliques, & transverse abdominis), getting hit in the face by a spiked volleyball
• 6 is a common reference to car engines, such as straight 6, line-in 6, slant 6, and flat 6
• A Braille cell is based on 6 dots
• Mario must collect 6 Royal Stickers in the Nintendo 3DS game Paper Mario: Sticker Star
• Extra-sensory perception is sometimes called the “sixth sense”, which was also a 1999 movie featuring Bruce Willis and Haley Joel Osment

The Occasion
I’ve interrupted the Pause button for an important announcement. A mere 6 years ago. A Frank Angle started August 28, 2008. To anyone who has ever visited my little corner of the world, thank you. To those who take to time to comment, many more thanks. To those who regularly return, I’m forever grateful. So get a drink of choice (alcoholic or nonalcoholic), enjoy same snacks, leave a song (if you desire), add a factoid, tell your friends to visit, and most importantly …  mingle with others …. and I hope you return on September 1st.

Coincidentally … and yes … coincidentally … August 28th is the birthday of the reason for my prosthetic hand.

# On 61

It’s all the same: Sixty-one, Soixante et un, Sessanta uno, Einundsechzig, Kuusikymmentä yksi, Šedesát jedna, and Το εξήντα-ένα

In Entertainment

• 61*, a 2001 baseball movie directed by Billy Crystal
• Highway 61 is a 1991 film set on U.S. Route 61
• The number of points required to win a “standard” game of Cribbage
• 61A is the London address of Margot Wendice (Grace Kelly) and Tony Wendice (Ray Milland) in Dial M for Murder
• 61st Primetime Emmy Awards took place on September 20, 2009
• Now 61, a musical collection in the UK, was released on 25 July, 2005
• The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King won the most awards at the 61st Golden Globes
• The 61st Tony Awards awarded to top awards to The Coast of Utopia, Journey’s End, Spring Awakening, and Company
• Channel 61 is a television station in Davenport (Iowa), Los Angeles, Cleveland, Harford (CT), New Orleans, Michigan’s Upper Peninsula, New Zealand, Cikarang (Indonesia), and Venezuela

In Music

• Highway 61 Revisited is a Bob Dylan album
• The Highway 61 Blues Festival occurs annually in Leland, Mississippi
• 61/49 is an album by The Romantics
• Joseph Haydn composed Symphony No. 61 in D major

In Literature

• 61 Hours, written by Lee Childs, is part of the Jack Reacher series
• Sixty-One Nails is a book by Mike Shevdon

In Mathematics

• The 18th prime number, a cuban prime, a Pillai prime, the ninth Mersenne prime exponent, a Keith number a centered hexagonal number, a centered decagonal number, the sixth Euler zigzag number
• The only base-14 prime number with a 6-digit period
• Center Returning is Hexagram 61 of the Book of Changes
• Divisible by 1, 61, and 8! + 1

In Science

• On the Periodic Table, promethium has the atomic number 61, which means its neural atom has 61 protons and 61 electrons … A Jeopardy Extra – promethium do not have any stable isotopes
• mir-61 microRNA is a short RNA molecule functioning to regulate the expression levels of other genes by several mechanisms
• Nickel-61 is the nickel atom’s only stable isotope

In Space

• Messier object M61 is a spiral galaxy in the constellation Virgo
• The New General Catalogue (NGC) object 61 is a double spiral galaxy in the constellation Pisces
• Saros series 61 lasted 1262.1 years and contained 71 solar eclipses
• 61 Ursae Majoris is located about 31.1 light-years from Sol
• STS-61, involving the space shuttle Endeavor, was the first mission to service the Hubble Telescope (launched 2 December 1992)

In World History
Year 61 CDE

• Assyrian calendar year 4811, Buddhist calendar year 605, Korean calendar year 2394
• Pliny the Younger born

Year 61 BC

• Hebrew calendar 3700-3791, Thai solar calendar year 483, Holocene calendar year 9940
• Prince Ptolemy born, later to become Pharaoh Ptolemy XIII

In US History

• The 61st US Congress served from 1909-1911 with President William Howard Taft
• Federalist No. 61, written by Alexander Hamilton, is the last of 3 essays about the power of Congress has in electing its members

In Geography

• U.S. Route 61 is the highway that inspired so much attention on “Highway 61″
• 1 Liberty Place is Philadelphia’s tallest building at 61 stories
• US Route 61 covers 1,400 miles (2,300 km) connecting New Orleans, Louisiana and Wyoming, Minnesota while following the Mississippi River – which also has this popular yard sale
• List of highway 61 in Canada, United Kingdom, and the United States
• Antler No. 61 is a very small town in rural Saskatchewan
• 61 North Parallel crosses Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia, United States, Canada, and Greenland
• 61st Parallel South does not cross any land
• 61 Meridian West Greenland, Canada, Martinique, Santa Lucia, Trinidad & Tobago, Venezuela, Guyana, Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina, and the Falkland Islands
• 61 Meridian East crosses Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan

In Sports

• New York Yankees Roger Maris hit 61 home runs in 1961, which brought an asterisk to the record book (hence the movie 61 *)
• Pitching greats Nolan Ryan and Tom Seaver each had 61 career shutouts
• Hockey great Wayne Gretzky holds or shares 61 NHL records (40 for regular season, 15 for Stanley Cup playoff and 6 for All-Star Games)
• Los Angeles Lakers’ Elgin Baylor set a record for 61 points in a NBA finals game against the Boston Celtics (April 14, 1962)
• The Ottawa Rough Riders defeated Edmonton Eskimos for the 61st Grey Cup title (1973)
• Rotation, a variation of pool, is sometimes called 61
• Richie Evans’ NASCAR Whelen Modified Tour car number was 61
• Bill George (Chicago Bears) is the only #61 professional US sports jersey retired
• In 229 NASCA races, #61 never earned the pole position, never won a race, and finished in the top five only 5 times

In Miscellaneous

• The number of the French department Orne
• The code for international direct dial phone calls to Australia
• The code for setting a priority call on a phone is *61
• Part 61 is a law created by the FAA regarding medical exams
• The P-61, also called the Black Widow and first designated as the XP-61,is the first fighter aircraft to be a night fighter
• No. 61 (Rust and Blue) is a 1953 painting by the Russian-American Abstract expressionist artist Mark Rothko
• Psalm 61
• Section 61 of the Internal Revenue Service code defines gross income
• SixtyOne is a WordPress theme

For those who need to know, celebrations for today
My Way Day
Who Shall I Be Day
Human Spirit Day
Random Acts of Kindness Day
Café au Lait Day
Crab Races Day

# On 36

The following past post marked the occasion of our 36th wedding anniversary. Given that I also enjoy saluting numbers, here’s my toast to 36.

In Mathematics

• Divisible by 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 18, 36
• Is a perfect square (of ±6), a triangular number, a square triangular number, a 13-gonal number, a highly composite number, a semiperfect number, a Harshad number, an Erdős–Woods number, the sum of a twin price, and the sum of 1-cubed + 2-cubed + 3-cubed
• The degrees of the interior angle of a regular pentagram
• The number of possible outcomes when rolling two dice
• Number of sides on the truncated cube and the truncated octahedron
• 36 squared is 1296
• The sum of integers 1 to 36 = 666

In Chemistry
Atomic number of Krypton, whose neutrally charged atom has 36 protons and 36 electrons

In Space

• Messier object M36 is in the constellation Auriga
• New General Catalogue (NGC) object 36 is a spiral galaxy in the constellation Pisces
• 36 Cancri is an A-class star in the constellation Cancer.
• Discoverer 36, also known as Corona 9029, was an American optical reconnaissance satellite launched in 1961\
• Soyuz 36 spaceflight was in 1980
• Expedition 36 to the International Space Station is scheduled to begin in May 2013

In Standards

• In the US (and very few other countries) 36 inches = 1 yard
• IBM System/36, a minicomputer
• Refers to a 36 inches long pipe wrench
• In the UK, a standard beer barrel is 36 UK gallons, about 163.7 liters
• Many early computers featured a 36-bit word length
• ASCII code for the symbol ‘\$
• The number of characters required to store the display name of a UUID or GUID (e.g., 00000000-0000-0000-C000-000000000046)
• IBM System/36 (S36) was a minicomputer marketed from 1983-2000
• 36-bit computer architecture
• In temperatures, 36 C = 96.8 F, but 36 F = 2.2 C

In Music

• 36 is a punk band
• 36th Grammy Awards were in 1994 with Whitney Houston as the big winner
• 36D is a song written by Paul Heaton and Dave Rotheray and performed by The Beautiful South.
• 6-C is an album by Fifth Column
• Mozart wrote Symphony #36 in 1783
• Berlin 36 is a 2009 German film about a Jewish athlete in the 1936 Olympics

In Art

• 36 Views of Mount Fuji
• 36 Views of the Eiffel Tower

In Literature

In Film

• The 36th Chamber of Shaolin (1978) is a kung fu film
• 36 is a movie (2010) directed by Martin Campbell
• 36th Academy Awards held in 1964 with Best Picture nominations to Cleopatra, How the West Was Won, Lillies in the Field, America America, and Tom Jones (winner)
• 36 Pasos (36 Steps) is a 2006 Argentine horror film
• North of 36 is a 1924 silent film Western Drama

In Entertainment

• Watch Channel 36 in Charlotte, Lexington (KY), Oakland
• Canal 36 is a television station in Honduras
• The Incubator was the 36th episode of M.A.S.H, which aired December 1, 1973
• 36 is a sports documentary show on NBC Sports Network and TSN
• The 36th season of Saturday Night Live was 2010-2011
• The game of roulette has ’36’ numbers on the playing grid and roulette wheel
• Rollorpoker, a roulette-based game, uses ‘36’ playing cards on the wheel and playing grid, instead of numbers

In Language
Thirty six, trente six, dreißig sechs, kolmekymmentä kuusi, tretti seks, talatin da shida, XXXVI

In Sports

• Retired jerseys of MLB’s Robin Roberts (Phillies) and Gaylord Perry (Giants), NFL’s Mack Lee Hill (Chiefs), and NBA’s Lloyd Neal (Trailblazers)
• In NASCAR, #36 has raced 633, never won, finished in the top 5 32 times, and driven the most by Ken Schrader (106)
• Super Bowl XXXVI: New England Patriots 20 – St. Louis Rams 17, played at the Louisiana Superdome on February 3, 2002

In Religion

• In the Jewish tradition, light created by God on the first day of creation shone for 36 hours
• The Torah commands love, respect, and protect the strange 36 times
• There are 36 righteous people in every generation
• 36 candles are in a menorah over 8 days
• In the Māori legend, 36 gods were involve creating the first human before receving the breath of life from Tāne
• In Shavism, 36 tattvas describe the internal aspects of creation
• In Christianity, Psalm 36

In US History

• Nevada is the 36th state (1864)
• Lyndon B. Johnson served as the 36th US president
• The 36th US Congress (1859-1861) during the last two years of James Buchanan’s presidency
• Alexander Hamilton wrote Federalist Papers 36, The Same Subject Continued: Concerning the General Power of Taxation, the last of the seven papers on taxation

In World History Year 36 BC

• Buddhist calendar year 509, Korean calendar year 2298, Thai solar calendar year 508, Chinese calendar year 2601/2661 to 2602/2662
• Mark Antony married Cleopatra VII while still married to Octavia

In World History Year 36 CE

• A leap year that started on a Saturday
• Bengali calendar year -577, Berber calendar 986, and Iranian calendar year 586 BP – 585 BP
• Historical figures include Pontius Pilot, Emporer Tiberius, and Herod Antipus
• Some say this is the year of Jesus’ crucifixion

In Geography

• The 36th parallel south only across land in Australia, New Zealand, Chile, and Argentina
• The 36th meridian east passes through Russia, Ukraine, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, and Mozambique
• US Route 36 runs 1,414 miles from Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado to Uhrichsville, Ohio

• The Thirty-Six Bisto in Anchorage, Alaska
• Thirty-Six, a camera boutique in Singapore
• Thirty-Six Peonies Publishing Company
• Studio Thirty-Six – spa, beauty, and personal treatment in Santa Rosa, California

Miscellaneous

• A perfect score on the ACT
• In French-speaking countries, 36 is often used as a placeholder number
• International phone code for Hungary
• The 36 pounder long gun was the largest piece of naval artillery for French war ships in its time
• TI-36 calculator made in 1986
• The 36 Boys were a gang of primarily Turkish immigrants from Berlin-Kreuzberg involved in criminal activities
• The 36-line Bible, the second printed edition of the Bible and known as the “Bamberg Bible”, is named after its 36 lines of text on each page. FYI: The Gutenberg Bible had 42 lines per page

# On 60

It’s been a long time since I dedicated a post to a number, so today is as good as day as any to celebrate Sixty Factoids about 60.

In Mathematics
1) 60 is a composite number, unitary perfect number, an excessive number, a Harshad number, a semiperfect number

2) Divisible by 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 10, 12, 15, 20, 30, and 60

3) An icosidodecahedron has 60 edges

4) In geometry, 60 minutes in a degree

5) A number system with base 60 is called sexagesimal, which the Babylonians and the Mali Empire used

In Science
6) Neodymium has the atomic number 60, whose neutral state consists of 60 protons and 60 electrons (and they make interesting magnets)

7) Number in Earth years between Great Conjunctions of Jupiter and Saturn

8) Appropriately for today, 60 Aquarii is the Flamsteed designation for a star in the equatorial constellation of Aquarius

9) The first fullerene (buckyball) discovered was buckminsterfullerene C-60 – an allotrope of carbon with 60 atoms in each molecule, arranged in a truncated icosahedron (appearing like a soccer ball)

In Religion
10) In the Bible, the number 60 is the age of Isaac when Jacob and Esau were born, and the number of warriors escorting King Solomon

11) In the laws of kashrut of Judaism, 60 is also the proportion (60:1) of kosher to non-kosher ingredients that can render an admixture kosher post-facto

12) In the Koran, Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, created Adam in His own image with His length of sixty cubits

In Entertainment
13) TV shows include 60 Minutes, Studio 60 on the Sunset Strip, Sixty Minute Man, and 60 Minute Makeove

14) Movies include Gone in 60 Seconds (Nicolas Cage & Angelina Jolie), Attack of the 60 Foot Centerfold, and 60 Second Assassin

15) Songs include Sixty Seconds to Kingdom Come (U2), Sixty Years On (Elton John), Sixty Minutes Man (Billy Ward and the Dominoes), Zero to Sixty (Aaron Watson), and 60 – a set of etudes for the classical guitar (Matteo Carcassi )

16) Books include the Cat Who Had 60 Whiskers (Lilian Jackson Braun), Sixty Things to Do When You Turn Sixty, and Totally MAD: 60 Years of Humor, Satire, Stupidity, and Stupidity

In Sports
18) Although not the record, Babe Ruth 60 home runs in 1927 remains a standard

19) At League Park (Cleveland), a home run to right field (only 290 ft away) had to clear a 60 ft wall,

20) Baker Bowl (Philadelphia) had a 60-foot wide foul ground surrounding the field of play

21) The only professional sports jerseys retired is Chuck Bednarik (Eagles, NFL)

22) The Hamilton TIger-cats won the 60th Grey Cup on December 3, 1972 by defeating the Saskatchewan Roughriders13-10, which was also the last Grey Cup played in December

23) In 341 NASCAR races, car #60 has won once (Bill Rexford, driver)

24) In darts, 60 (treble-twenty) is the highest score which can be achieved with a single dart

In Standards
25) The infield in softball is smaller than in baseball; each base is 60 ft

26) Bowling alley is 60 ft from foul line to termination

27) 60 metres hurdles is a distance in an indoor hurdling race

28) In time, 60 seconds in a minute, and 60 minutes in an hour (a legacy of the Babylon?)

29) 60 hertz is the electrical utility frequency in western Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, the Philippines, Saudi Arabia, the United States, and several other countries in the Americas

30) 60 feet in the standard measurement tool to evaluate an automotive launch on a dragstrip

31) The time required an automobile accelerates to from rest to 60 miles per hour is a standard measurements of performance

32) The 1 in 60 rule is a rule of thumb used in air navigation, and states that if a pilot has travelled sixty miles then an error in track of one mile is approximately a 1° error

In Geography
33) Alabama’s Natural Bridge formation is 60 ft high

34) The upper falls of Alabama’s DeSoto Falls drop 60 meters

35) 60th parallel South does not cross any land

36) 60 Parallel North crosses Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia, United States, Canada, Greenland, and Scotland

37) 60 Meridian West crosses Greenland, Canada, Venezuela, Guyana, Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina, Falkland Islands, South Shetland Islands, and Antarctica,

38) 60th Meridian East crosses Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and Iran, but no land in the southern hemisphere.

39) The Great Crack is an eight-mile-long, 60 feet (18 m) wide and 60 feet (18 m) deep fissure in the island, in the district of Kau (big island of Hawaii)

40) The 60th Street Tunnel carries the N Q R trains of the New York City Subway under the East River and Roosevelt Island between Manhattan and Queens

41) Highway/route 60 is found in 5 Canadian provinces, Chile, Europe (Euro route from France to Romania), Israel, India, Malaysia, New Zealand, South Korea, and the UK. In the US, there is a federal highway, 30 states, and 2 territories

In World History
42) The Battle of Hill 60 was the last major assault of the Battle of Gallipoli in the Middle Eastern theatre of WW I

43) Nippon Airways (ANA) Flight 60 was a Boeing 727-81 aircraft that crashed on February 4, 1966. All 133 passengers and crew died

44) In 60 BC (also known as Chinese calendar 2577/2637 to 2578/2638, Thai solar calendar year 484, Holocene calendar year 9941), Gaius Julius Caesar conquers all of Lusitania, the Han Dynasty government (China) establishes the Protectorate of the Western Regions, and Prince Ptolemy of Egypt, later Pharaoh Ptolemy XIV of Egypt is born

45) In 60 AD (also known as Assyrian year 4810, Berber year 1010, Buddhist year 604), Emperor Nero sends an expedition to explore the historical city Meroë (Sudan), Paul of Tarsus journeys to Rome, but is shipwrecked at Malta, and Hero of Alexandria writes Metrica, Mechanics, and Pneumatics.

In US History
46) Alexander Hamilton wrote Federalist Paper #60

47) Sixtieth United States Congress met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1907 to March 4, 1909, during the last two years of Theodore Roosevelt’s presidency

48) The Sixty Years’ War (1754–1814) was a military struggle for control of the Great Lakes region in North America, encompassing a number of wars over several generations

In Potpourri
49) Other ways to write sixty: LX, 1111002, Zestig, Soixante, Sessanta, Sześćdziesiąt, Altmış, Seksti

50) The National Assembly for Wales and the Grand and General Council (San Marino’s parliment) are each composed of 60 members

51) 60 is the retirement age for Men in Belarus, China, India, Pakistan, Russian, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, and Vietnam, …. for women in India, Pakistan, and Malta

52) 60 years of marriage is the diamond wedding anniversary

53) The maximum number of marbles (game pieces) in Chinese checkers

54) The code for international direct dial calls to Malaysia

55) Miss Sixty is a women’s apparel brand

56) The total number of cards in the game Rack-O

57) 60 kilometers per hour is a common speed limit in Russia’s urban areas

58) One giant squid specimen that washed ashore in 1878 in Newfoundland reportedly measured 60 ft (18m)

59) Baby boomers are members of the 60s generation

60) There are many more items associated with 60, but on this day, it’s only sixty.

# On 35

My wife and I celebrated our 35th anniversary this past April.  Here’s a toast to more than you ever wanted to know about 35.

In Mathematics

• 35 is a tetrahedral number, centered cube number, a pentagonal number, a highly cototient number, Størmer number, and apentatope number
• Divisible by 1, 5, 7, 35
• The highest number one can count to on one’s fingers using base 6
• Squared is 1225, but its square root is 5.92
• A 35-sided polygon is a triacontakaipentagon (impress your friends with that one)

In Science

• Atomic number of bromine, whose neutral atom has 35 protons and 35 electrons
• Messier object M35, a magnitude 5.5 open cluster in the constellation Gemini
• The New General Catalogue object NGC 35, a galaxy in the constellation Cetus
• The Saros number of the solar eclipse series which began on -1870 (1871 BC) July 25 and ended on -373 (374 BC) January 9. The duration of Saros series 35 was 1496.5 years, and it contained 84 solar eclipses
• The Saros number of the lunar eclipse series which began on -1550 (1551 BC) May 14 and ended on -252 (253 BC) July 1. The duration of Saros series 35 was 1298.1 years, and it contained 73 lunar eclipses
• 35 degrees F = 1.67 degrees C, but 35 degrees C = 95 degrees F
• During the 35th week of pregnancy, the average human baby weights 6 pounds, measures 12 inches, and has fully developed lungs

In Entertainment

• 35 c, a song by Jagúar from the album Jagúar
• XXXV (album), the thirty-fifth anniversary album by folk rock band Fairport Convention
• 35 is the title of a book written by Casper Schipper
• Lawrence of Arabia wins Best Picture at the 35th Academy Awards (1963)
• Cheers and Hill Street Blues win awards at the 35th Primetime Emmy Awards (1983)
• 80/35 Festival in Des Moines, Iowa
• Television Channel 35 are in Richmond, Erie, and Orlando

In Sports

• Retired MLB jerseys: Randy Jones (Padres), Phil Niekro (Braves), Frank Thomas (White Sox)
• Retired NHL jersey: Tony Esposito (Blackhawks)
• Retired NBA jerseys: Roger Brown (Pacers), Reggie Lewis (Celtics), and Darryl Griffith (Jazz)
• Super Bowl XXXV: Held in Tampa, Florida, Baltimore Ravens defeated the NY Giants 34-7
• In NASCAR, #35 has started 109 races with 0 wins and 6 top five finishes (all by Benny Parsons)

In Geography
Interstate 35 runs from Texas to Minnesota and the only freeway to have East–West divisions (in two places, the Twin Cities and the DFW Metroplex

U.S. Route 35 (a highway I have been on many times) is a north–south highway running northwest-southeast for approximately 412 miles (663 km) from northern Michigan City, Indiana to the western suburbs of Charleston, West Virginia.

In US

• The minimum age of candidates for election to the United States Presidency
• 35th U.S. Congress met from March 4, 1857 to March 3, 1859, during the first two years of James Buchanan’s presidency
• John F. Kennedy, the 35th US president

Miscellaneous

• Licence Plate code of Izmir/Turkey
• Highway 35 World Race is a series of Hot Wheels
• The F-35 Lightning II Aircraft
• 35 Israeli soldiers died in a convoy during the 1948 war of independence
• Italy hosted the 35th G8 Summit (2009)
• 35 mm film is the basic film gauge most commonly used film in photography and motion pictures (for we Americans, 35 mm = 1.377953 inches)
• 35 Raceway claims to have the fastest 1/5 mile dirt rack in the Midwest
• Cinema 35 Drive-In in Eaton, Ohio used to show soft porn
• STS-35 was on the space shuttle Columbia (1990)
• Smith & Wesson produced a 35-caliber pistol
• Vera Renczi, allegedly murdered 35 individuals in the 1920s (including husbands, lovers, and a son) with arsenic

• A common year starting on Saturday
• Buddhist calendar year 579, Berber calendar year 985, Korean calendar year 2368
• Tiridates III becomes king of Parthia

In Year 35 BC

• Started either on a Thursday or Friday or a leap year starting on Wednesday, Thursday or Friday (sources differ because of what is known as leap year error)
• Holocene calendar year 9966, Burmese calendar year -672
• Marcus Titius arrived in Syria with a large army and marched to Asia Minor

# On 59

Why a tribute to 59? Well, sometime in February I turned 59, so that’s a good enough reason for me. For tributes to other numbers, see Category > Numbers in the sidebar or click here.  Meanwhile, here’s more about fifty nine than you ever wanted to know.

In Language

Fifty nine is the same as padesát devět, vijftig negen, cinquante neuf, cinquanta nove, femtio nio, LIX, and more.

In Mathematics

• Fifty-nine is the 17th smallest prime number and an Eisenstein prime
• Since 15! + 1 is divisible by 59 but 59 is not one more than a multiple of 15, 59 is a Pillai prime (who would have guessed this)
• Divisible by 1 and 59
• Square root equals 7.68114574786861, but 59 squared is 3,481

In Science

• The atomic number of praseodymium, whose neutrally charged atom contains 59 protons and 59 electrons
• Messier object M59, a magnitude 11.5 galaxy in the constellation Virgo
• 59 Sagittarii is a giant bright star in the constellation Sagittarius
• The New General Catalogue object NGC 59, a magnitude 12.4 spiral galaxy in the constellation Cetus
• The Saros 59 for solar eclipse series lasted 1280.1 years (from June 1031 BC to July 249 AD) and contained 72 solar eclipses
• The Saros 39 for lunar eclipse series lasted 1298.1 years (from March 729 BC to May 569 AD) and contained 73 lunar eclipses
• 59 degrees C = 138 degrees F; but 59 degrees F = 15 degrees C

In Entertainment

• Beethoven’s Opus 59 consists of the three so-called Razumovsky Quartets
• 59, an album by Puffy AmiYumi
• The 1960s song The 59th Street Bridge Song (Feelin’ Groovy) was popularized by Simon & Garfunkel and Harpers Bizarre
• The 59 Sound, an album by The Gaslight Anthem, includes thia song of the same name
• 59 by the 1990s
• 59 is a song by djTAKA from beatmania IIDX 2nd Style and Dance Dance Revolution 4thMIX
•  59th Emmy Awards (2007) with ABC getting the most nominations
•  59th Academy Awards (1987) with winners including Platoon, Paul Newman, and Marlee Matlin

In Sports

• No retired 59s in the professional football, basketball, baseball, and hockey
• Car 59 has only raced in 18 NASCAR races – never winning, never finishing in the top 10, and only finishing the race 4 times
• Satchel Paige became the oldest major league baseball player at age 59
• 59 is a the lowest golf score in a single round on the PGA Tour, achieved by Al Geiberger, Chip Beck, David Duval, Paul Goydos, andStuart Appleby and on the LPGA Tour by Annika Sörenstam

In Geography

• The designation of Interstate 59, a freeway that runs from Louisiana to Georgia
• The designation of US-59, a highway between Minnesota and Texas
• The Queensboro Bridge in New York City is also known as the 59th Street Bridge (Feelin’ Groovy)
• Central Park South is on 59th Street in New York City
• 59th Street Manhattan
• 59th Street Manhattan forms the border between Midtown Manhattan and Uptown Manhattan. It bisects Columbus Circle and forms the southern boundary of Central Park between Fifth Avenue and Central Park West, plus it has this subway stop.
• 59th Parallel South does not intersect any land
• 59th Meridian East is also known as the Herman Cain Meridian because it goes through Uzibeki-beki-beki-bekistan

In Travel

• 59 Diner in Houston
• Art of 59 – Handcrafted pedals from Luxemburg
• Marina 59 Boatel is a fleet of abandoned boats renovated by artists in Rockaway, NY
• Art Room 59, a gallery and gift shop in Fife, UK
• 59Fifty is a line of New Era hats
• 59 Productions (a media production company in the UK)
• Five Nine, an amateur radio magazine published in Japan

• Started on Monday
• Nero (aka Mr. Nice Guy) ordered his mother, Agrippina the Younger, killed. Since she survived the planned shipwreck, Nero ordered her executed and then ruled her death as suicide

In 59 BC

• Caesar makes the Acta Diurna (Daily News) the world’s first public daily newspaper, which contains details of official decrees and appointments; births, deaths, and marriages. Even sport results—the outcome of the gladiatorial contests and chariot races at the capital – but no odds on upcoming gladiator matches by Jimmy the Greek
• Caesar marries Calpurnia in Rome
• Modern Florence, founded.
• Pharaoh Ptolemy XIV of Egypt born
• Prince He of Changyi, former Emperor of the Han Dynasty of China, died

Miscellaneous

• The last minute in a given hour, and the last second in a given minute
• Approximately the number of days in two lunar months
• The number on a button commonly worn by feminist activists in the 1970s; this was based on the claim that a woman earned 59 cents to an equally qualified man’s dollar
• In amateur radio, a perfect voice signal report
• Art Project 59’s ’59 Seconds Video Festival’[2] at 59 Franklin Street, showed 59 videos to 59 different audiences, each 59 seconds long and incorporating the number 59
• The number of the French department Nord
• John Swartzwelder wrote “59” episodes of The Simpsons cartoon series
• The TI-59 was a programmable calculator
• Television channel 59 broadcast from Indianapolis, IN and Ghent, WV.
• The 59th Congress served in 1905-1907 during the fifth and sixth years of the Theodore Roosevelt administration

# On by Numbers

I image most of us are aware of paint by numbers – and probably have tried it at least once. But this post is not about aforementioned craft classic – nor is it about a significant number in my life that is surrounded by a boatload of factoids that Trivial Pursuit doesn’t even cover. It is about wine by numbers. What?

Believe it or not, our church as a wine tasting group. Built around using wine as a vehicle for having fun and building fellowship, the group is one of the longest-running groups at the church! Blah, blah, blah – so what does that have to do with this post?

The group meets 3-5 times a year, and each meeting has a theme. Since we’ve covered the global map more than once, our next theme is Numbers – that is the name of the winery or the wine must include a number.

Ladies and gentlemen, in the spirit of gathering useless information, except for anyone whoever attends an event like this, I present Wine by Numbers, which happens to include wines with prices of single, double, and triple digits – and yes, feel free to add others.

Zero One

Opus One, Root 1, One Last Kiss, 1 (Antigal), First Colony

Two Vines, Two Hands, Two Oceans, Folie au Deux, Columbia Crest 2 Vines, Molly Dooker Two Left Feet, Middle Sister Goodie Two Shoes, Wildside Vines Duet Kentucky Red, 2-Up, Two-Buck Chuck, 2 Brothers, M-2, Deux Amis, Twin Oaks

Three Thieves, Hedges Three Vineyards Red, Ridge Three Valleys Zinfandel, Columbia Crest H3 (Heaven Horse Hills), Tres Picos, Menage a Trois, Three Wishes, Three Kings (by Meeker and Burnett Ridge), Three Saints, Tres Sabores, Three Rivers, Three Brooms. Tre Monti, Y3, Three Rings, Three-Legged Red

Four Graces, Four Vines, Four Sisters, Cline Oakley Four Whites, Patricia Green Four Winds, 4G, Foursight, Quatro Goombas

Elk Cove Five Mountain, Five Rivers, Cain 5, Five Star, Funf 5

Graham’s Six Grapes Port, The 6th Sense

7 Deadly Zins, Seven Daughters, Seven Hills, J Lohr Seven Oaks, Seven Wells, St Innocent Seven Springs, 7 Heavenly Chards, Siete 7, Vineyard 7 & 8

Cellar No. 8, Vineyard 7 & 8, D’Arenberg Eight-Iron Shiraz, 8 Chains North

9 Stones, Platform 9, Niner

Row Eleven, Apex 11

Highway 12 *

14 Hands

Sixteen by Twenty

Mogen David (MD) 20-20 (If I didn’t mention this, someone else would have), Twenty Rows, Sixteen by Twenty

Ruta 22

Lot 27

D’Arenberg The Twenty Eight Road Mourvedre

29 Vines, Vineyard 29

Rosenblum Vintner’s Cuvee XXXIII Zinfandel

Festival 34

Parallele 45

Rex Goliath Giant 47 lb Rooster

Z-52

Fizz 56

St. Ema 60/40 Reserve

D 66

Redneck 101

Santa Rita 120

Cote 125

181 Merlot

Lot 205 Winery

337 Cabernet Sauvignon

Cellar 360

667 Pinot Noir

Prospect 772

Gott 815

1448 Red Blend

1749 Sauvignon Blanc

Solera 1847

Chateau Tour Boisee Plantation 1905

NOTE: Some wineries (Penfolds and Lindeman’s are two) use Lot numbers to designate a particular line. Although Marietta’s Old Vine Lots are a personal favorite, I intentionally left the Lots off the list.