# On 38

From cooltext.com

On April 2nd, we celebrated our 38th anniversary. This is a tribute to that number and a toast to my wife, who finds this type of information as basically worthless.

38, thirty eight, talatin da takwas (Hausa), tiga puluh delapan (Indonesian), trent’otto (Italian), dertig acht (Dutch), trzydzieści osiem (Polish), trettioåtta (Swedish), and XXXVIII (Roman numerals) – and feel free to add other languages in your comment.

In Mathematics
38 is the largest even number which cannot be written as the sum of two odd composite numbers

37 and 38 are the first pair of consecutive positive integers not divisible by any of their digits

38 is the 11th distinct semiprime number

38 is the sum of the squares of the first three primes (2, 3, 5)

38 is divisible by 1, 2, 19, and 38

38! – 1 yields 523022617466601111760007224100074291199999999

There is no answer to the equation φ(x) = 38, making 38 a nontotient

Square root of 38 = 6.164414002968976, but 38 squared = 1,444

In Science
The atomic number of strontium (Sr), whose neutrally charged atom has 38 protons and 38 electrons

38 degrees C = 100 degrees F, but 38 degrees F = 3 degrees C

Most people will see the number 38, but people with red-green color blindness might see 88 instead

The Messier object M38 is in the constellation Auriga

38 Geminorum (38 Gem) is a star in the constellation Gemini

Messier 38 (also known as M38 or NGC 1912) is an open cluster in the Auriga constellation

NGC 38 (also known as MCG-1-1-47, Stephan XII, or PGC 818) is a spiral galaxy in the constellation Pisces

38 Aquarii is a star in the equatorial constellation of Aquarius

Expedition 38 to the International Space Station (Nov 2013-March 2014)

38 inches = 96.5 centimeters, but 38 centimeters = 14.9 inches

In Geography
National Highway 38 can be found in Canada, Czech Republic, India, Iran, Israel, Japan, UK, US – including 38 of the 50 US states have a state highway 38

38 miles = 61.2 kilometers, while 38 kilometers equal 23.6 miles

38th Parallel North crosses Italy, Greece, Iran, Turkmenistan, Iran, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, China, North Korea, South Korea, Japan, United States, Portugal, and Spain

The 38th Parallel North originally proposed boundary between North Korea and South Korea

38th Parallel South crosses Australia, New Zealand, Chile, and Argentina

38th Meridian East crosses Russia, Ukraine, Turkey, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, and Mozambique

38th Meridian West crosses Greenland, Brazil, and the South Georgia & South Sandwich Islands

In History
Year 38 CE

• A common year starting on Wednesday
• Probable year of the marriage of Claudius and Messalina.
• Anti-Jewish riot breaks out in Alexandria
• Phaedrus writes his popular collection of fables
• Stachys the Apostle becomes the second patriarch of Constantinople
• Saint Andrew, the apostle, died

Year 38 BC

• Either a common year starting on Sunday or Monday or a leap year starting on Saturday, Sunday or Monday (discrepancy due to different sources)
• Octavian Caesar ordered the Hispanic era
• Octavian marries Livia, who was pregnant from a broken marriage
• Parthian invasion into Roman Syria

US History
James Madison wrote Federalist No. 38 (published January 12, 1788) under the pseudonym Publius as a continuation of Federalist No. 37 about the Constitutional Convention

The 38th US President was Gerald Ford, the only US president never elected and never born

Vol. 38 of US Supreme Court Cases contains cases from 1839

38th Congress of 52 Senators, 184 Representatives, and 10 non-voting members served the last 2 years of the first Lincoln administration (1863-1865)

A38 claims to be the best-selling dairy product sold in Denmark

A38 is a happening place in Budapest, Hungary

38th Street Diner in New York City

38th Street Coffee is located in Columbus, Nebraska

Latitude 38 is an online Sailing and Marine magazine

In Arts & Entertainment
Sonnet 38 (XXXVIII) is one of 154 sonnets written by the English playwright and poet William Shakespeare

Fabric 38 is a 2008 album by Berlin duo M.A.N.D.Y

Mirage 38 (Swedish: Hägring 38) is a 2013 novel by Finnish author Kjell Westö, which won the Nordic Council’s Literature Prize (2014)

Name of the southern rock band 38 Special – and another band is called Thirty Eight

The gate of the sci-fi TV series Stargate SG-1 can stay open a maximum of 38 minutes

Thirty Eight is a song by Will Wilde

In Sports Entertainment
No retired #38 jerseys in MLB, NFL, NBA, or NHL

Cincinnati Reds pitchers who wore #38 include Howie Nunn, Gary Nolan, Bruce Berenyi, and Jay Tibbs

38 is the number of slots on an American Roulette wheel (0, 00, and 1 through 36)

Houston, Texas hosted Super Bowl XXXVIII on Feb 1st, 2004 – New England defeated Carolina 32-29 – while the halftime show included the Janet Jackson reveal by Justin Timberlake

The number of games that each team in the current English Premiership, the top division in English Association Football, plays in a season

The Lotus 38 was the first mid-engined car to win the Indianapolis 500, in 1965, driven by Jim Clark

NASCAR #38 car has been in 654 races with 7 wins – driver with the most races, David Gilliland – driver with the most wins, Gwyn Staley

Miscellaneous
Bill C-38 legalized same-sex marriage in Canada

The number of years it took the Israelites to travel from Kadesh Barnea to the Zered valley in Deuteronomy

A “38” refers to a snub nose .38 caliber revolver

38 Special is a gun made by Smith & Wesson

The 38 class is the most famous class of steam locomotive used in New South Wales

38 is the number of the French department Isère

38th Street Gang is a criminal street gang in Los Angeles since the early 1920s

The XB-38 Flying Fortress was a single example conversion of a production B-17E Flying Fortress