On 42

Saluting 42 means a celebration!

In Language

42 – forty-two, shi ni (Japanese), berrogeita bi (Basque), toogfyrre (Danish), corenta e dous (Galician), četrdesmit divi (Latvian), sorok dva (Ukrainian), XLII (Roman numerals)

In Mathematics

42 – an odd integer, perfect number, Catalan number, pronic number, abundant number, sphenic number, pseudoperfect number,alternating sign matrix number, and am open meandric number

42 – divisible by 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 14, 21, 42

42 – the sum of the first 6 positive even numbers (2, 3, 6, 8, 10, 12)

In Science

42 – the atomic number of the element molybdenum (Mo), whose neutrally charged atom has 42 protons and 42 electrons

42 amu – the atomic mass of a naturally occurring stable isotope of calcium

42 degrees – the angle (rounded) a rainbow appears

42 – the normal number of chromosomes in each cell of wheat, rats, Rhesus Monkeys, wolverines, oats, fossas, and giant pandas

42 minutes – the theorized time it would take to fall through a vacuum tube from one side of Earth to the other through the center

42 – Determined by the Babylonians, the number of times Mars orbits the Sun in 79 years

M42 – a Messier object nebula in the constellation Orion

NGC 42 – New General Catalogue object, a spiral galaxy in the constellation Pegasus.

Kepler-42 – a red dwarf in the constellation Cygnus

42 Isis – a large main-belt asteroid

In Technology

42 – 00101010 (in binary code)

42 – an important number used by computer programmers

42 – the second 16-bit word in every TIFF file

42 – the root directory inode number in the reiser4 file system

42 days – the default password expiration policy for Microsoft Windows domains

ASCII code 42 – for the asterisk symbol, being a wildcard for everything.

ASCII “FORTYtwo” – identifies directory blocks.

In Religion

Interfaith graphic by Justice St. Rain (Bahá’í Community) of Interfaith Resources

Christianity

  • 42 generations (names) in the Gospel of Matthew’s version of the Genealogy of Jesus
  • 42 months the Beast will hold dominion over the Earth (Revelation 13:5);
  • 42 men of Beth-azmaveth were counted in the census of men of Israel upon return from exile
  • God sent bears to maul 42 of the teenage boys who mocked Elisha for his baldness (2 Kings 2:23)
  • The Gutenberg Bible is also known as the “42-line Bible” it contained 42 lines per page.
  • The Forty-Two Articles (1552), mainly by Thomas Cranmer, were intended to summarize Anglican doctrine

Others

  • “Forty-Two Lettered Name” given to God by Rab in 3rd-century Judaism
    The Sutra of 42 Sections – a Buddhist scripture
  • 42 – the number associated with God creating the Universe in Kabbalistic tradition

In Popular culture

T42 – the answer to the ultimate question of life in the Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy

People who died at age 42: Robert F Kennedy, Elvis Presley, Prince Albert, Queen Mary I, Gilda Radner, Gary Coleman, Ted Bundy

42 – a number Lewis Carroll frequently used in his writings

  • 42 illustrations Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland
  • Rule Forty-two in Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland – “All persons more than a mile high to leave the court”
  • Rule 42 of the Code in the preface to The Hunting of the Snark:
  • “No one shall speak to the Man at the Helm”
  • “forty-two boxes, all carefully packed – The Hunting of the Snark”
  • 42 x 42 x 42 – the combined ages of the White Queen and Red Queen in Through the Looking Glass

In Music

Level 42 – an English pop/rock music band

42 – a song by Coldplay (2008) & Mumford and Sons (2018)

42nd Street – a Tony Award winning Broadway musical

In Television and Film

The Kumars at No. 42 – an awarding winner television series on British telly

“42” – an episode of Doctor Who, set in real time lasting approximately 42 minutes.

42 – the number of threads in Watson’s avatar (the IBM computer competed on Jeopardy!)

42 – a film on the life of American baseball player Jackie Robinson.

In Video games

42 Entertainment – a company creating reality games

Tokyo 42, Squadron 42 – video games

In Sports

From allfreevectors.com

42 – the now retired number of Jackie Robinson that MLB permanently retired

The last professional baseball player to wear 42 – Mariano Rivera (New York Yankees)

Retired Numbers in Professional Sports

  • MLB – Jackie Robinson (Dodgers), Mariano Rivera (Yankees), Bruce Sutter (Cardinals)
  • NBA – Nate Thurmond (Cavs, Warriors), James Worthy (Lakers), Connie Hawkins (Suns)
  • NFL – Sid Luckman (Bears), Charlie Conerly (Giants), Ronnie Lott (49ers)
  • NHL – none

42 – the number of laws in cricket

Rule 42 – the historic name of a Gaelic Athletic Association rule prohibiting the playing of “foreign sports”

Super Bowl LXII – Giants defeat the Patriots (17-14) in Glendale, Arizona

In Culture

42 – an unlucky number In Japanese culture because shi ni (four two)—sound like the word “dying”

42 questions – In Egyptian mythology, the questions asked of persons making their journey through Death

42 in Chinese reads sì èr, which is very close to shì a that means ‘yes’ – so some Chinese text 42 for ‘yes’.

In US History

42nd state – Washington (1889)

42nd President – Bill Clinton (elected 1992)

42nd Congress – Served 1871-1873 during the third and fourth year of Ulysses Grant presidency

Miscellaneous

42 – the historic country calling code for the former country of Czechoslovakia.

42 – number of US gallons in a barrel of oil

Tower 42 – a skyscraper in London that used called the NatWest Tower

42nd Street – New York City location for the Chrysler Building, Grand Central Terminal, the main branch of the New York Public Library, Times Square, the UN Headquarters, some Broadway theaters, and the Port Authority Bus Terminal

Forty-Two Gang – A Chicago teen street gang since Prohibition

42 Center of Excellence for Artificial Intelligence, based in Vienna, Austria

42 – the name of the private computer science school located in Paris, France and Fremont, California

42 – the number of elevators in Rockefeller Center (New York City)

42 – the number of years of our 42nd wedding anniversary, which we celebrated during the recent blog break on a cruise ship with a sea day (2 April 2019).

Top Songs on Our Wedding Day (2 April 1977)

On 40

This post is about the number forty, quaranta, veertig, cорок, keturiasdešimt, Minn erbgħin, XL, and many more … can you add any?

40 – As forty, the only English number with the letters of its correct spelling are in alphabetical order

In Mathematics
40 – a composite number, an octagonal number, a semiperfect number, a Harshad number, a Stormer number

40 – divisible by 1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 10, 20, and 40

In Science
40 – the atomic number of zirconium, whose neutrally charged atom has 40 protons and 40 electrons

40 – the number of weeks for an average term of pregnancy

M40 – a star in the constellation Ursa Major

NGC 40 – a planetary nebula in the constellation Cepheus

In Religion

Photo from pexels.com

Judaism

  • 40 – a commonly used time period (days, nights, years) – (many references)
  • 40 – the number of days and nights during the Flood
  • 40 – the number of se’ah in a mikvah of water (approximately 200 gallons/757 liters)
  • 40 – the number of lashes as a punishment

Christianity

  • 40 – the number of days and nights Jesus fasted
  • 40 – the number of days between the resurrection of Jesus to the ascension of Jesus
  • 40 – the number of days of Lent preceding Easter (but Eastern and Western Christianity count it differently)

Islam

  • 40 – Muhammad’s age when he first received the revelation delivered by the archangel Gabriel
  • 40 days – the official length of mourning

Hinduism

  • 40 – the number of stanzas (shlokas or dohas) in some popular HIndu prayers
  • 40 – number of days fasting

In Sports

Photo from pexals.com

40 – number of players allowed under contract for each MLB baseball team

40/40 Club – Players achieving 40 stolen bases and 40 home runs in a season (only been done 4 times)

40 – the maximum number of horses in the grand national

40 yards – (36.5 meters): the distance dash as a metric in scouting American football players
The distance run in the 40 yard dash, an important metric in American football scouting.

40 – the third point in a tennis game … and 40-40 is called “deuce”

40 – the number of cars in a NASCAR Nationwide race

40 – the number of a NASCAR car that has won 9 races by drivers Sterling Marlin (4), Pete Hamilton (3), Tommy Thompson (1), and Jamie McMurray (1)

40 – a jersey number retired in this professional sports:
MLB: Don Wilson (Astros), Danny Murtaugh (Pirates)
NBA: Byron Beck (Nuggets), Bill Laimbeer (Pistons)
NFL: Pat Tillman (Cardinals), Gale Sayers (Bears), Mike Haynes (Patriots), Joe Morrison (Giants), Tom Brookshier (Eagles)

In Entertainment
40 – the number of spaces in a standard Monopoly game board

40 -the highest number ever counted to on Sesame Street

In Music
Crush 40 – an American-Japanese hard rock band

“40” – a song by Dave Matthews Band, UC, and Franz Ferdinand

“Forty Shades of Green” – a song by Johnny Cash

40 – the name of Canadian hip hop producer Noah Shebib

Symphony No. 40 – by Haydn and Mozart

40 – the number of song on popular weekly radio programs as American Top 40, Rick Dees’ Weekly Top 40, and American Country Countdown – #1 40 years ago today

In Television
$40 – the spending limit for chefs on “Chef on a Shoestring”

$40 – the per day spending limit on $40 a Day, a travel/eating show originally on Food Network hosted by Rachael aye

In Literature
40 – the number of thieves involved with Ali Baba in Arabian Nights

In Culture
To understand a people, you must live among them for 40 days. ~Arabic proverb

40 hours – the customary number of hours in a regular workweek in some countries

40 days – Russian folklore regarding the length of time ghosts of the dead linger at the site of their death

40 years – an age milestone

40th wedding anniversary – Ruby is the traditional gift

In US History
40 acres and a mule – a plan to offer freed slaves after the US Civil War

40th US President – Ronald Reagan

STS-40 – the 11th mission of the Space Shuttle Columbia (June 1991)

Federalist Paper No. 40 – written by James Madison about the authority of the Constitutional Convention

In World History
40 – During the Bubonic plague, the number of days ships isolated in the harbor before passengers could go ashore

40 – another name for The Tessarakonteres, the largest ship of antiquity, constructed by Ptolemy IV of Egypt

40 CE

  • Korean calendar year 2373, Holocene calendar year 10040, Discordian calendar year 1206
  • A leap year starting on Friday
  • Roman Emperor Caligula starts on a campaign to conquer Britain (which failed)
  • The Vietnamese Trưng Sisters rebel against the rule of the Chinese Emperor Guangwu of Han
  • Philo teaches that all men are born free.
  • Christianity comes to Egypt

40 BC

  • Assyrian calendar year 4711, Berber calendar year 911, Buddhist calendar year 505
  • Either a common year starting on Thursday, Friday or Saturday or a leap year starting on Thursday or Friday
  • Lucius Antonius surrenders to Octavian
  • Treaty of Brundisium: The treaty is cemented by the marriage of Mark Antony and Octavia, sister of Octavian
  • Athenodorus a philosopher, encounters a ghost in Athens
  • Parthians conquer Jerusalem
  • Births: the twins of Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Mark Antony

In Geography

Photo from pexels.com

I-40 – a U.S. interstate connecting California to North Carolina

40 – National highways in Argentina, Canada, China, Czech Republic, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Mexico, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, Sweden, UK, and USA

40th Parallel South – crosses land in Australia, New Zealand, Chile, and Argentina

40th Parallel North – crosses land in Spain, Italy, Albania, Greece, Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, China, North Korea, Japan, USA, and Portugal

40th Meridian West – crosses Greenland, Brazil, and Antarctica

4oth Meridian East – crosses Russia, Ukraine, Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, and Antarctica

40-Step Stairway – historical place in Busan, South Korea

Forty Foot – a promontory on the southern tip of Dublin Bay, Ireland where people have been swimming in the Irish Sea all year round for hundreds of years

Forty Shades of Green is a visual term for rural Ireland

Miscellaneous
40 – the code for direct dial international phone calls to Romania

WD-40 – a popular penetrating oil whose name stands for the 40th formula of Water Displacement

Here’s #2 on the Billboard Charts from 40 years ago today – April 2, 1977 – our wedding day