On 31

This week is a big one is our household because my wife’s last day of work is Thursday. Yep, after 31 years with a major company that is well-known around the world, she’s retiring. To say she’s looking forward to retirement would be an understatement. She worked hard to be a highly valued employee, but she’s ready to move on to the next phase of her life.

Although the week will end with our wedding anniversary, this post is a salute to her retirement – which also means I’m preparing another salute to a different number.

Life will be an adjustment for both of us, but we’ve been a team for a long time – so the new available time should be fun. A tip of the hat to my partner in life – the one I’ve loved for a long time.

In Language
31 – Tridhjetenjë (Albanian), Třicet jedna (Czech), Enogtredive (Danish), Kolmkümmend üks (Estonian), 30 En (Swedish), Tiga puluh (Indonesian), and XXXI (Roman numerals). Do you have others?

cooltext31

Image from cooltext.com

In Mathematics
31 – a natural number, an odd integer that is only divisible by 1 and itself

31 – a third Mersenne prime, the fourth primorial prime, the twin prime of 29. The fourth lucky prime, the 11th supersingular prime, a centered triangular number, a centered decagonal number, the lowest prime centered pentagonal number, the lowest possible Steiner topology for Steiner trees with 4 terminals, a repdigit in base 2 and base 5

In Chemistry
The atomic number of gallium – so a single neutrally charged atom of gallium has 31 protons and 31 electrons

In Biology
31 – the number of pairs of spinal nerves in humans

31 – the number of pairs of chromosomes in donkeys, gypsy moths, and giraffes

cooltext31

Image from cooltext.com

In Astronomy
Messier object M31 is in the constellation Andromeda and is readily visible to the naked eye in a modestly dark sky.

The New General Catalogue object NGC 31, a spiral galaxy in the constellation Phoenix

31 Orionis is a star in the constellation Orion – 31 Leonis is a star in the constellation Leo – and many more 31s throughout the galaxy

In Geography
31st parallel north crosses land of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, China, Japan, Mexico, and the United States

31st parallel south crosses land of South Africa, Australia, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, and Brazil,

31st meridian east crosses land of Norway, Russia, Finland, Belarus, Ukraine, Turkey, Egypt, Sudan, Uganda, Congo, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, and Swaziland

31st meridian west only crosses land in Greenland

31st Street in New York City begins at the West Side Yard, and ends at Second Avenue at Kips Bay Towers and NYU Medical Center

Chicago as a 31st Street Beach

Virginia Beach’s 31st Street Park has an outdoor stage for movies, concerts, and shows

Image from cooltext.com

Image from cooltext.com

In History
Papyrus 31, an early copy of the New Testament in Greek, dates back to 7th century

31st US President was Herbert Hoover

31st Congress met 1849-1851 during presidential terms of Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore

Federalist No. 31, an essay by Alexander Hamilton (pseudonym Publius), is the second of seven essays on taxation

Year 31 CE
A common year starting on Monday

Berber calendar year 981, Assyrian calendar year 4781, Coptic calendar year −253 – −252
A possible year for the crucifixion of Jesus Christ

Year 31 BC
Either a common year starting on Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday or a leap year starting on Tuesday or Wednesday

Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian becomes Roman Consul for the third time

Roman Civil War: Battle of Actium: Off the western coast of Greece, Octavian Caesar defeats the naval forces under Mark Antony and Cleopatra VII

The fortress Masada completed in the Judean Desert

By some scholars, the Hellenistic period ends

Image from cooltext.com

Image from cooltext.com

In Sports
In Super Bowl XXXI, the Green Bay Packers defeated the New England Patriots 35-21 on January 26, 1997 at the Superdome in New Orleans, and Desmond Howard won the MVP

31 – a common number worn by Ice hockey goalies

Retired #31 jerseys

  • (MLB) Dave Winfield (Padres), Ferguson Jenkins (Cubs), Greg Maddux (Cubs and Braves), Mike Piazza (Mets)
  • (NBA) Cedric Maxwell (Celtics), Reggie Miller (Pacers)
  • (NHL) Grant Fuhr (Oilers), Billy Smith (Islanders)
  • (NFL) William Andrews (Falcons), Jim Taylor (Saints)

In 1,071 NASCAR races, car #31 has won 7 times: Jeff Burton (4) and Robby Gordon (3) – plus finished in the top 5 87 times

In Entertainment
Seinfeld episode #31 (season 3) “The Pez Dispenser” first aired 15 January 1992

31 – an American independent horror film (2016) written and directed by Rob Zombie

31 – a card game

31 – a type of game played on a backgammon board

31 Songs, a book by Nick Hornby

Read Shakespeare’s Sonnet 31

Symphony No. 31: Paris by Mozart

Symphony No. 31 by Joseph Haydn is also known as Hornsignal

Ludwig van Beethoven composed Piano Sonata No. 16 in G major, Opus 31 No. 1 and Piano Sonata No. 16 in D Minor, Opus 31 No. 2 – the latter is also known as The Tempest (click to hear the Allegreto)

Image from cooltext.com

Image from cooltext.com

In Business
31 – the number of flavors of Baskin-Robbins ice cream; which is called 31 Ice Cream in Japan

31st Street Studios in Pittsburgh offers studio production and management

31 Gifts (actually Thirty-One Gifts) is a party and gift consultant organization

Miscellaneous
The number of days in the months January, March, May, July, August, October and December

The code for international direct-dial phone calls to the Netherlands

There are 31 letters in the Cyrillic alphabet

In French the expression trente et un (31) refers to someone who is well dressed

31 years is roughly a billion seconds

31 (XXXI): a women’s honorary at The University of Alabama

31-bit integers – a component of computer architecture introduced in 1983 for mainframes

Music has a 31-tone equal temperament tuning system

J31 – the first jet engine produced in quantity in the United States (by GE)

On 77 Sevens of the 7th Degree

1) Seven in different languages include septum (Latin), sapte (Romanian), sju (Swedish). septa (Greek), siti (Japanese), Shiv`(Hebrew), set (Catalan), and VII (Roman)


cooltext_7In Mathematics

2) Seven is one of two single-digit numbers with two syllables

3) Seven, the fourth prime number, a Mersenne prime, a double Mersenne prime, a Newman–Shanks–Williams prime, a Woodall prime, a factorial prime, a lucky prime, a happy prime (happy number), a safe prime, the only Mersenne safe prime, and the fourth Heegner number

4) A heptagon is a seven-sided shape

5) Seven squared is 49, but the square root of 7 is 2.64575131106

In Entertainment
6) Film titles include Seven Chances (1925), Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937), Seven Sinners (1940), Seven Brides for Seven Brothers (1954), The Seven Year Itch (1955), The Seventh Seal (1957), The Magnificent Seven (1960), 7 Faces of Dr. Lao (1964), Seven Days in May (1964), Seven (1995), and Seven Pounds (2008)

7) Secret agent number 007 … Bond …. James Bond

8) George Costanza (Seinfeld) wanted to name his firstborn “The Seven”, in honor of baseball great Mickey Mantle – but his fiance’s cousin and spouse stole the idea

9) George Carlin routine, “Seven Words You Can Never Say on Television

10) Star Trek: Voyager features a character named Seven of Nine.

In Literature
11) William Shakespeare’s As You Like It by contains the 7 Ages of Man theory.

12) The number of main islands of mythological Atlantis

In Music
13) Original 45 rpm records were 7 inches in diameter

14) The number of notes in the traditional Western musical scale

15) A group of seven musicians in a septet or a septuor

16) Songs with Seven or 7 in the title were recorded by The Ramones, Simon & Garfunkel, Four Tops, Dave Matthews Band, Eagles, Queen, Prince, Tina Turner, Norah Jones, Trisha Yearwood, REM, Mary J Blige, Fleetwood Mac, David Bowie, Toni Braxton, Megadeth, and more

17) Albums with 7 in the title include Garth Brooks, Mannheim Steamroller, Enrique Iglesias, Iron Maiden

18) Composers with a seventh symphony include these seven: Beethoven, Bruckner, Dvorak, Mahler, Mozart, Shostakovich, and Sibelius … but there’s more

In Sports
19) In the NHL, MLB, and NBA, the maximum number of games played in a playoff series

From allfreevectors.com

From allfreevectors.com

20) The jersey number 7 has been retired by several North American sports teams in honor of past playing greats or other key figures: MLB (2), NFL (4), NBA (4), NHL (9)

21) In NASCAR, Robby Gordon has driven #7 in the most races, but never won – yet, #7 has won 23 times in 1433 races

22) A regulation game high school baseball and all softball games lasts seven innings

23) American and Canadian football teams commonly score 7 points for a touchdown and a kicked extra point

24) William Howard Taft (the 27th US President and a Cincinnatian) started the 7th inning stretch at baseball games

25) When scoring baseball and softball, 7 refers to the left fielder

26) A team traditionally consists of seven athletes in cross country, water polo, Ultimate Frisbee, and team handball

27) A heptathlon is a competition involved seven running, jumping and throwing events

28) The 7th Olympiads were held in Antwerp, Belgium (1920, summer) and Cortina, Italy (1956, winter)

29) Super Bowl VII: In Los Angeles, California – Miami Dolphins beat the Washington Redskins 14-7 to become the first (and currently the only) team to win the Super Bowl with an undefeated record

In Business and Commerce
30) 7-Eleven is the trading name of a chain of convenience stores based in the US

31) 7 Up is the name of a popular soft drink

32) BMW 7 Series, is a group of luxury vehicles from the German automobile manufacturer

33) The Lotus Seven, a kit car produced by Lotus

34) Each airplane in Boeing’s line of passenger jets is named with a 3-digit number beginning and ending in 7

In Religion
35) Judaism & Old Testament Christianity share the 7 days of creation and Jericho’s walls falling on the seventh day after seven priests with seven trumpets march around the city seven times

Interfaith graphic by Justice St. Rain (Bahá’í Community) of Interfaith Resources

Interfaith graphic by Justice St. Rain (Bahá’í Community) of Interfaith Resources

36) Judaism includes the weekly Torah portion is divided into seven aliyahs, seven Jewish men are called up for the reading of these aliyahs during Shabbat morning services, reciting the seven blessings during a Jewish wedding ceremony, the Seven Shepherds, the number of nations displaced upon entering Israel, the seven orifices of the face

37) Christianity includes the seven deadly sins, the Seven Corporal Acts of Mercy, The Seven Joys of the Virgin Mary, The Seven Sacraments, The Seven Sorrows of the Virgin Mary, the Seven Gifts of the Holy Spirit, the Seven Virtues

38) Hinduism includes Seven Promises, Seven Rounds in Hindu Wedding, Seven Reincarnation, seven worlds in the universe, seven seas in the world, seven Rishies, Buddha walking 7 steps at his birth, and Sapta Rishi (the celestial group of seven stars based on the seven great saints)

39) Islam includes 7 in the number of ayat in surat al-Fatiha, the number of layers of the Earth, the number of skies, the number of circumambulations (Tawaf) made around the Kaaba, the number of heavens, the number of hells in hell, the number of walks between Al-Safa and Al-Marwah mountains – they why pilgrims travel back and forth seven times during the ritual pilgrimages of Hajj and Umrah

40) Significance of seven in other religions include the Seven Lucky Gods, the seven divine women who were left behind on earth and became the ancestresses of all humankind (Khasi), the seven-branched sword, the number of sages, the Seven Valleys text, the number of palms in an Egyptian Sacred Cubit, and the number of legendary monsters

41) There are 7 Chakras in the basic model used in various eastern traditions and philosophies

42) The Theosophical teachings of Alice A. Bailey divide the human race into seven psychological types called the Seven Rays

In Geography
43) The Spanish explorers searched the New World for Seven Cities of Gold

44) The Sevens is a rugby union stadium in Dubai, UAE

45) I grew up in a town on State Route 7

46) The Seven Virgins mountain range is in Sri Lanka

In Science
Rainbow47) We can see 7 celestial objects of our solar system with the naked eye from Earth

48) The constellations the Big Dipper and Orion contain 7 main stars

49) Almost all mammals have 7 cervical (neck) vertebrae

50) The number of spots on a seven-spot ladybird

51) Chromosome 7 has 2,146 genes, including 39 diseases & disorders – such as cystic fibrosis, schizophrenia, types of osteoporosis, and Maple Syrup Urine Disease

52) Nitrogen is atomic number 7, so its neutral atom has 7 protons and 7 electrons

53) Heptane has 7 carbon atoms per molecule

54) The Periodic Table has 7 rows (periods) of known elements

55) Electrons have 7 main energy levels for electrons around the nucleus

56) Isaac Newton’s identified the 7 colors of the rainbow

CultureIn Culture
57) Septidi was the seventh day of the decade in the French Revolutionary Calendar.

58) A Blue Hand is the 7th glyph of the Maya Calendar, representing the days in creation

59) The Kulin people of Australia (living near the Dandenong Ranges) divide the year into seven seasons

60) Multiple cultures consider 7 to be an important number

In Technology
61) There are seven layers in the OSI model

62) Windows 7, the previous release of Windows series of operating systems from Microsoft, had the codename Vienna

63) F7 key launches spell and grammar check in Microsoft Word

64) 7-Zip is an open source file archiver used to compress files

Miscellaneous
65) Numbers on opposites sides of 6-sided dice total seven

66) The Partial List: seven deadly sins, seven classical planets, seven heavens, seven days in the week, seven colors in the rainbow, seven Seas, seven continents, seven kings of Rome, seven hills of Rome, EyeballCloseUpIstanbul, and Cincinnati; seven wonders of the ancient world, and seven wonders of the modern world, and 7 days a week

67) 7 is the calling code for Russia

68) This list of 77 items about 7 is celebrating the 7th anniversary of the launching of this blog (August 28, 2008). Thanks to all who have ever visited my little corner of the world – and a special thanks to those who returned and stayed

69) Stephen Covey identified 7 habits of highly-effective people

70) Mahatma Gandhi’s listed the Seven Blunders of the World that cause violence

71) According to the song, the seventh day of Christmas delivers 7 swans a swimming

72) Andrew Jackson was the 7th US President

73) Mercury 7 was the first class of US astronauts

74) Level 7 nuclear accident is a meltdown

75) 7 bone roast is also known as center-cut pot roast

76) The United Nations declared the world population surpassed 7 billion on October 31, 2011

77) 7&7 is also known as a highball – a mixed drink with Seagram’s Seven Crown Whiskey and 7-Up … cheers! … but I prefer wine and have quite the variety. I’m offerings for quite the range of tastes – 7 Deadly Zins, Henschke Henry’s Seven Rhone blend, J Lohr Estates Seven Oaks Cabernet Sauvignon, Evening Land Seven Springs Vineyard Gamay Noir, Seven Hills Dry Rose, Seven Stones Chardonnay, L’Ecole 41 Luminesce Seven Hills Vineyard Bordeaux White blend, Seven Springs Sangria Rojo, or Seven Daughters Moscato – so, which would you like? If you’re not sure, what taste do you prefer in your wine? For those who prefer a non-alcoholic drink, what would you like to drink?

WineToast

 

On 37

Long-time visitors here know I occasionally toast a specific number in honor of an occasion. Although it was in April, this is a toast to our thirty-seven years of marriage. Feel free to add any other notes about thirty-seven (37). With this, I raise my glass to the my dance partner and friend – fellow golfer, wine & food enthusiast – my handbell-playing wife.

In Mathematics

From cooltext.com

From cooltext.com

37 is the 12th prime number, the fifth lucky prime, the first irregular prime, the third unique prime, the third cuban prime of the form, and a Stormer number

37, along with 38, are the first pair of consecutive positive integers not divisible by any of their digits

37 is the only two digit number in base 10 whose product, when multiplied by two, subtracted by one, and then read backwards, equals the original two digit number: 37×2=74, 74-1=73, 73 backwards is 37

37 is the only two digit number in base 10 with the following property: The difference between the two digits equals the square root of the difference between the number itself and the least common multiple of the two digits

In Science
37 is the atomic number of rubidium, whose neutral atom contains 37 protons and 37 electrons

37 is the normal human body temperature in degrees Celsius

At 37 weeks, the developing baby, with its average vitals of 6.3 pounds and 19 inches long with a ½ inch to an inch of hair, is approaching full term

Messier object M37, a magnitude 6.0 open cluster in the constellation Auriga

The New General Catalogue object NGC 37, a spiral galaxy in the constellation Phoenix

Kepler-37b is the smallest known planet

Pliny’s Natural History in 37 books

In Language
Trenta setta (Italian), Kolmkümmend seitse (Estonian), Siebenunddreißig (German), Tiga puluh tujuh (Indonesian), Trettio sju (Swedish), Тридесет седем (Bulgarian), XXXVII (Roman numeral)

In Sports
Retired #37 professional sports jerseys

  • MLB – Casey Stengel (Yankees & Mets)
  • NFL – Doak Walker (Lions), Jimmy Johnson (49ers)
  • NBA – none
  • NHL – none

In NASCAR, car #37 has been in 470 races, but only won once (Bobby Isaac)

Super Bowl XXXVII, 26 January 2003, in San Diego, CA; Tampa Bay Buccaneers defeat the Oakland Raiders 48-21

In Entertainment
37th Academy Awards (1964) with My Fair Lady winning 8 Oscars from its 13 nominations

37th Grammy Awards (1995) with Streets of Philadelphia (Bruce Springsteen) as Song of the Year

37th Tony Awards (1983) with Cats winning Best Musical

The 37th Daytime Emmy Awards (2010)

The 37th People’s Choice Awards (2011)

Mozart Symphony No. 37; Nocturne, Opus 37 (Chopin), Haydn’s Symphony No. 37

37 Days is a BBC documentary drama

In Literature
The number of plays William Shakespeare is thought to have written (counting Henry IV as three parts)

Books include Thirty-Seven Days of Peril, The 37th Amendment, Thirty-Seven: Essay on Life, Wisdom, & Masculinity, and a host of books about cooking, crafts, pets, and whatever

The protagonist in the book This Number Speaks is named Thirty-Seven

In Geography
Municipal Okrug #37, name of Yugo-Zapad Municipal Okrug of Krasnoselsky District of Saint Petersburg, Russia, before 2009

+37 was the international dialing code of the German Democratic Republic (aka East Germany)

Highway 37 are found in Canada, India, Iran, Japan, Mexico, South Korea, UK, and United States

37th Parallel North

  • Crosses Algeria, Tunisia, Italy, Greece, Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, China, South Korea, Japan, USA, Portugal, and Spain
  • Serves as the southern borders of Utah, Colorado, and Kansas while serving as the northern borders of Arizona, New Mexico, and Oklahoma

37th Parallel South crosses Australia, New Zealand, Chile, and Chile

37th Meridian East crosses Russia, Ukraine, Turkey, Syria, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, and Mozambique

37th Meridian West crosses Greenland, Brazil, South Georgia, The Sandwich Islands, and Antarctica

Specifically USA
37th US Congress served the first two years of Abraham Lincoln’s term (1861-1863)

37th US President was Richard Nixon

Nebraska is the 37th state admitted

Number Thirty-Seven is an unincorporated community in Pennsylvania

I-37 is a 143-mile highway in Texas between San Antonio and Corpus Christi

In World History
Year 37 (XXXVII)

  • A common year starting on Tuesday
  • Buddhist calendar year 581, Berber calendar year 987, and Korean calendar year 2370
  • Tiberius, Roman Emperor dies
  • The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius’s will and proclaims Caligula Roman Emperor
  • An earthquake destroys Antioch
  • Saint Peter founds the Syrian Orthodox Church
  • Probable year of the conversion of the Pharisee Saul of Tarsus to Christianity
  • Nero, a future Roman Emperor, is born
  • Josephus, a Jewish historian, is born

Year 37 BC

  • Burmese calendar year 674, Holocene calendar year 9964, Thai Solar calendar year 507
  • Mark Antony reorganized Asia Minor under strongmen loyal to him
  • Romans conquer Jerusalem from the Parthians
  • Herod the Great becomes king of Judea
  • Thousands of Jews slaughtered by Roman troops supporting Herod
  • Jing Fang born, Chinese mathematician and music theorist

In Religion
37 Great Nats traditionally worshiped in Burma

Psalm 37

Papyrus 37 is the name of an early copy of the New Testament written in Greek

Miscellaneous
The number of slots in European Roulette (numbered 0 to 36, the 00 is not used in
European roulette as it is in American roulette)

37 is an unused TV channel in countries using M&N broadcast system standards, thus Channel 37 is commonly used in fiction

Aircrafts include Cessna T-37 Tweet, A-37 Dragonfly, Beechcraft AQM-37 Jayhawk, and the Boeing X-37

The number most people state when asked to give a random number between 0 and 100

Soyuz 37 was a manned space flight in 1980

37 Coins is a bitcoin wallet provider based in California

Alabaster is the traditional, 37th anniversary gift

On 61

cooltextSixtyOneIt’s all the same: Sixty-one, Soixante et un, Sessanta uno, Einundsechzig, Kuusikymmentä yksi, Šedesát jedna, and Το εξήντα-ένα

In Entertainment

  • 61*, a 2001 baseball movie directed by Billy Crystal
  • Highway 61 is a 1991 film set on U.S. Route 61
  • The number of points required to win a “standard” game of Cribbage
  • 61A is the London address of Margot Wendice (Grace Kelly) and Tony Wendice (Ray Milland) in Dial M for Murder
  • 61st Primetime Emmy Awards took place on September 20, 2009
  • Now 61, a musical collection in the UK, was released on 25 July, 2005
  • The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King won the most awards at the 61st Golden Globes
  • The 61st Tony Awards awarded to top awards to The Coast of Utopia, Journey’s End, Spring Awakening, and Company
  • Channel 61 is a television station in Davenport (Iowa), Los Angeles, Cleveland, Harford (CT), New Orleans, Michigan’s Upper Peninsula, New Zealand, Cikarang (Indonesia), and Venezuela

In Music

  • Highway 61 Revisited is a Bob Dylan album
  • The Highway 61 Blues Festival occurs annually in Leland, Mississippi
  • 61/49 is an album by The Romantics
  • Joseph Haydn composed Symphony No. 61 in D major

In Literature

  • 61 Hours, written by Lee Childs, is part of the Jack Reacher series
  • Sixty-One Nails is a book by Mike Shevdon

In Mathematics

  • The 18th prime number, a cuban prime, a Pillai prime, the ninth Mersenne prime exponent, a Keith number a centered hexagonal number, a centered decagonal number, the sixth Euler zigzag number
  • The only base-14 prime number with a 6-digit period
  • Center Returning is Hexagram 61 of the Book of Changes
  • Divisible by 1, 61, and 8! + 1

In Science

  • On the Periodic Table, promethium has the atomic number 61, which means its neural atom has 61 protons and 61 electrons … A Jeopardy Extra – promethium do not have any stable isotopes
  • mir-61 microRNA is a short RNA molecule functioning to regulate the expression levels of other genes by several mechanisms
  • Nickel-61 is the nickel atom’s only stable isotope

In Space

  • Messier object M61 is a spiral galaxy in the constellation Virgo
  • The New General Catalogue (NGC) object 61 is a double spiral galaxy in the constellation Pisces
  • Saros series 61 lasted 1262.1 years and contained 71 solar eclipses
  • 61 Ursae Majoris is located about 31.1 light-years from Sol
  • STS-61, involving the space shuttle Endeavor, was the first mission to service the Hubble Telescope (launched 2 December 1992)

In World History
Year 61 CDE

  • Assyrian calendar year 4811, Buddhist calendar year 605, Korean calendar year 2394
  • Pliny the Younger born

Year 61 BC

  • Hebrew calendar 3700-3791, Thai solar calendar year 483, Holocene calendar year 9940
  • Prince Ptolemy born, later to become Pharaoh Ptolemy XIII

In US History

  • The 61st US Congress served from 1909-1911 with President William Howard Taft
  • Federalist No. 61, written by Alexander Hamilton, is the last of 3 essays about the power of Congress has in electing its members

In Geography

  • U.S. Route 61 is the highway that inspired so much attention on “Highway 61”
  • 1 Liberty Place is Philadelphia’s tallest building at 61 stories
  • US Route 61 covers 1,400 miles (2,300 km) connecting New Orleans, Louisiana and Wyoming, Minnesota while following the Mississippi River – which also has this popular yard sale
  • List of highway 61 in Canada, United Kingdom, and the United States
  • Antler No. 61 is a very small town in rural Saskatchewan
  • 61 North Parallel crosses Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia, United States, Canada, and Greenland
  • 61st Parallel South does not cross any land
  • 61 Meridian West Greenland, Canada, Martinique, Santa Lucia, Trinidad & Tobago, Venezuela, Guyana, Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina, and the Falkland Islands
  • 61 Meridian East crosses Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan

In Sports

  • New York Yankees Roger Maris hit 61 home runs in 1961, which brought an asterisk to the record book (hence the movie 61 *)
  • Pitching greats Nolan Ryan and Tom Seaver each had 61 career shutouts
  • Hockey great Wayne Gretzky holds or shares 61 NHL records (40 for regular season, 15 for Stanley Cup playoff and 6 for All-Star Games)
  • Los Angeles Lakers’ Elgin Baylor set a record for 61 points in a NBA finals game against the Boston Celtics (April 14, 1962)
  • The Ottawa Rough Riders defeated Edmonton Eskimos for the 61st Grey Cup title (1973)
  • Rotation, a variation of pool, is sometimes called 61
  • Richie Evans’ NASCAR Whelen Modified Tour car number was 61
  • Bill George (Chicago Bears) is the only #61 professional US sports jersey retired
  • In 229 NASCA races, #61 never earned the pole position, never won a race, and finished in the top five only 5 times

In Business

In Miscellaneous

  • The number of the French department Orne
  • The code for international direct dial phone calls to Australia
  • The code for setting a priority call on a phone is *61
  • Part 61 is a law created by the FAA regarding medical exams
  • The number of Citadel cadets on the Summerall Guards
  • The P-61, also called the Black Widow and first designated as the XP-61,is the first fighter aircraft to be a night fighter
  • No. 61 (Rust and Blue) is a 1953 painting by the Russian-American Abstract expressionist artist Mark Rothko
  • Psalm 61
  • Section 61 of the Internal Revenue Service code defines gross income
  • SixtyOne is a WordPress theme

For those who need to know, celebrations for today
My Way Day
Who Shall I Be Day
Human Spirit Day
Random Acts of Kindness Day
Café au Lait Day
Crab Races Day

On 60

cooltext_60It’s been a long time since I dedicated a post to a number, so today is as good as day as any to celebrate Sixty Factoids about 60.

In Mathematics
1) 60 is a composite number, unitary perfect number, an excessive number, a Harshad number, a semiperfect number

2) Divisible by 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 10, 12, 15, 20, 30, and 60

3) An icosidodecahedron has 60 edges

4) In geometry, 60 minutes in a degree

5) A number system with base 60 is called sexagesimal, which the Babylonians and the Mali Empire used

In Science
6) Neodymium has the atomic number 60, whose neutral state consists of 60 protons and 60 electrons (and they make interesting magnets)

7) Number in Earth years between Great Conjunctions of Jupiter and Saturn

8) Appropriately for today, 60 Aquarii is the Flamsteed designation for a star in the equatorial constellation of Aquarius

9) The first fullerene (buckyball) discovered was buckminsterfullerene C-60 – an allotrope of carbon with 60 atoms in each molecule, arranged in a truncated icosahedron (appearing like a soccer ball)

In Religion
10) In the Bible, the number 60 is the age of Isaac when Jacob and Esau were born, and the number of warriors escorting King Solomon

11) In the laws of kashrut of Judaism, 60 is also the proportion (60:1) of kosher to non-kosher ingredients that can render an admixture kosher post-facto

12) In the Koran, Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, created Adam in His own image with His length of sixty cubits

In Entertainment
13) TV shows include 60 Minutes, Studio 60 on the Sunset Strip, Sixty Minute Man, and 60 Minute Makeove

14) Movies include Gone in 60 Seconds (Nicolas Cage & Angelina Jolie), Attack of the 60 Foot Centerfold, and 60 Second Assassin

15) Songs include Sixty Seconds to Kingdom Come (U2), Sixty Years On (Elton John), Sixty Minutes Man (Billy Ward and the Dominoes), Zero to Sixty (Aaron Watson), and 60 – a set of etudes for the classical guitar (Matteo Carcassi )

16) Books include the Cat Who Had 60 Whiskers (Lilian Jackson Braun), Sixty Things to Do When You Turn Sixty, and Totally MAD: 60 Years of Humor, Satire, Stupidity, and Stupidity

17) Read Shakespeare’s Sonnet 60

In Sports
18) Although not the record, Babe Ruth 60 home runs in 1927 remains a standard

19) At League Park (Cleveland), a home run to right field (only 290 ft away) had to clear a 60 ft wall,

20) Baker Bowl (Philadelphia) had a 60-foot wide foul ground surrounding the field of play

21) The only professional sports jerseys retired is Chuck Bednarik (Eagles, NFL)

22) The Hamilton TIger-cats won the 60th Grey Cup on December 3, 1972 by defeating the Saskatchewan Roughriders13-10, which was also the last Grey Cup played in December

23) In 341 NASCAR races, car #60 has won once (Bill Rexford, driver)

24) In darts, 60 (treble-twenty) is the highest score which can be achieved with a single dart

In Standards
25) The infield in softball is smaller than in baseball; each base is 60 ft

26) Bowling alley is 60 ft from foul line to termination

27) 60 metres hurdles is a distance in an indoor hurdling race

28) In time, 60 seconds in a minute, and 60 minutes in an hour (a legacy of the Babylon?)

29) 60 hertz is the electrical utility frequency in western Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, the Philippines, Saudi Arabia, the United States, and several other countries in the Americas

30) 60 feet in the standard measurement tool to evaluate an automotive launch on a dragstrip

31) The time required an automobile accelerates to from rest to 60 miles per hour is a standard measurements of performance

32) The 1 in 60 rule is a rule of thumb used in air navigation, and states that if a pilot has travelled sixty miles then an error in track of one mile is approximately a 1° error

In Geography
33) Alabama’s Natural Bridge formation is 60 ft high

34) The upper falls of Alabama’s DeSoto Falls drop 60 meters

35) 60th parallel South does not cross any land

36) 60 Parallel North crosses Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia, United States, Canada, Greenland, and Scotland

37) 60 Meridian West crosses Greenland, Canada, Venezuela, Guyana, Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina, Falkland Islands, South Shetland Islands, and Antarctica,

38) 60th Meridian East crosses Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and Iran, but no land in the southern hemisphere.

39) The Great Crack is an eight-mile-long, 60 feet (18 m) wide and 60 feet (18 m) deep fissure in the island, in the district of Kau (big island of Hawaii)

40) The 60th Street Tunnel carries the N Q R trains of the New York City Subway under the East River and Roosevelt Island between Manhattan and Queens

41) Highway/route 60 is found in 5 Canadian provinces, Chile, Europe (Euro route from France to Romania), Israel, India, Malaysia, New Zealand, South Korea, and the UK. In the US, there is a federal highway, 30 states, and 2 territories

In World History
42) The Battle of Hill 60 was the last major assault of the Battle of Gallipoli in the Middle Eastern theatre of WW I

43) Nippon Airways (ANA) Flight 60 was a Boeing 727-81 aircraft that crashed on February 4, 1966. All 133 passengers and crew died

44) In 60 BC (also known as Chinese calendar 2577/2637 to 2578/2638, Thai solar calendar year 484, Holocene calendar year 9941), Gaius Julius Caesar conquers all of Lusitania, the Han Dynasty government (China) establishes the Protectorate of the Western Regions, and Prince Ptolemy of Egypt, later Pharaoh Ptolemy XIV of Egypt is born

45) In 60 AD (also known as Assyrian year 4810, Berber year 1010, Buddhist year 604), Emperor Nero sends an expedition to explore the historical city Meroë (Sudan), Paul of Tarsus journeys to Rome, but is shipwrecked at Malta, and Hero of Alexandria writes Metrica, Mechanics, and Pneumatics.

In US History
46) Alexander Hamilton wrote Federalist Paper #60

47) Sixtieth United States Congress met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1907 to March 4, 1909, during the last two years of Theodore Roosevelt’s presidency

48) The Sixty Years’ War (1754–1814) was a military struggle for control of the Great Lakes region in North America, encompassing a number of wars over several generations

In Potpourri
49) Other ways to write sixty: LX, 1111002, Zestig, Soixante, Sessanta, Sześćdziesiąt, Altmış, Seksti

50) The National Assembly for Wales and the Grand and General Council (San Marino’s parliment) are each composed of 60 members

51) 60 is the retirement age for Men in Belarus, China, India, Pakistan, Russian, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, and Vietnam, …. for women in India, Pakistan, and Malta

52) 60 years of marriage is the diamond wedding anniversary

53) The maximum number of marbles (game pieces) in Chinese checkers

54) The code for international direct dial calls to Malaysia

55) Miss Sixty is a women’s apparel brand

56) The total number of cards in the game Rack-O

57) 60 kilometers per hour is a common speed limit in Russia’s urban areas

58) One giant squid specimen that washed ashore in 1878 in Newfoundland reportedly measured 60 ft (18m)

59) Baby boomers are members of the 60s generation

60) There are many more items associated with 60, but on this day, it’s only sixty.

BabyPic 60 Comp