On 40

This post is about the number forty, quaranta, veertig, cорок, keturiasdešimt, Minn erbgħin, XL, and many more … can you add any?

40 – As forty, the only English number with the letters of its correct spelling are in alphabetical order

In Mathematics
40 – a composite number, an octagonal number, a semiperfect number, a Harshad number, a Stormer number

40 – divisible by 1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 10, 20, and 40

In Science
40 – the atomic number of zirconium, whose neutrally charged atom has 40 protons and 40 electrons

40 – the number of weeks for an average term of pregnancy

M40 – a star in the constellation Ursa Major

NGC 40 – a planetary nebula in the constellation Cepheus

In Religion

Photo from pexels.com

Judaism

  • 40 – a commonly used time period (days, nights, years) – (many references)
  • 40 – the number of days and nights during the Flood
  • 40 – the number of se’ah in a mikvah of water (approximately 200 gallons/757 liters)
  • 40 – the number of lashes as a punishment

Christianity

  • 40 – the number of days and nights Jesus fasted
  • 40 – the number of days between the resurrection of Jesus to the ascension of Jesus
  • 40 – the number of days of Lent preceding Easter (but Eastern and Western Christianity count it differently)

Islam

  • 40 – Muhammad’s age when he first received the revelation delivered by the archangel Gabriel
  • 40 days – the official length of mourning

Hinduism

  • 40 – the number of stanzas (shlokas or dohas) in some popular HIndu prayers
  • 40 – number of days fasting

In Sports

Photo from pexals.com

40 – number of players allowed under contract for each MLB baseball team

40/40 Club – Players achieving 40 stolen bases and 40 home runs in a season (only been done 4 times)

40 – the maximum number of horses in the grand national

40 yards – (36.5 meters): the distance dash as a metric in scouting American football players
The distance run in the 40 yard dash, an important metric in American football scouting.

40 – the third point in a tennis game … and 40-40 is called “deuce”

40 – the number of cars in a NASCAR Nationwide race

40 – the number of a NASCAR car that has won 9 races by drivers Sterling Marlin (4), Pete Hamilton (3), Tommy Thompson (1), and Jamie McMurray (1)

40 – a jersey number retired in this professional sports:
MLB: Don Wilson (Astros), Danny Murtaugh (Pirates)
NBA: Byron Beck (Nuggets), Bill Laimbeer (Pistons)
NFL: Pat Tillman (Cardinals), Gale Sayers (Bears), Mike Haynes (Patriots), Joe Morrison (Giants), Tom Brookshier (Eagles)

In Entertainment
40 – the number of spaces in a standard Monopoly game board

40 -the highest number ever counted to on Sesame Street

In Music
Crush 40 – an American-Japanese hard rock band

“40” – a song by Dave Matthews Band, UC, and Franz Ferdinand

“Forty Shades of Green” – a song by Johnny Cash

40 – the name of Canadian hip hop producer Noah Shebib

Symphony No. 40 – by Haydn and Mozart

40 – the number of song on popular weekly radio programs as American Top 40, Rick Dees’ Weekly Top 40, and American Country Countdown – #1 40 years ago today

In Television
$40 – the spending limit for chefs on “Chef on a Shoestring”

$40 – the per day spending limit on $40 a Day, a travel/eating show originally on Food Network hosted by Rachael aye

In Literature
40 – the number of thieves involved with Ali Baba in Arabian Nights

In Culture
To understand a people, you must live among them for 40 days. ~Arabic proverb

40 hours – the customary number of hours in a regular workweek in some countries

40 days – Russian folklore regarding the length of time ghosts of the dead linger at the site of their death

40 years – an age milestone

40th wedding anniversary – Ruby is the traditional gift

In US History
40 acres and a mule – a plan to offer freed slaves after the US Civil War

40th US President – Ronald Reagan

STS-40 – the 11th mission of the Space Shuttle Columbia (June 1991)

Federalist Paper No. 40 – written by James Madison about the authority of the Constitutional Convention

In World History
40 – During the Bubonic plague, the number of days ships isolated in the harbor before passengers could go ashore

40 – another name for The Tessarakonteres, the largest ship of antiquity, constructed by Ptolemy IV of Egypt

40 CE

  • Korean calendar year 2373, Holocene calendar year 10040, Discordian calendar year 1206
  • A leap year starting on Friday
  • Roman Emperor Caligula starts on a campaign to conquer Britain (which failed)
  • The Vietnamese Trưng Sisters rebel against the rule of the Chinese Emperor Guangwu of Han
  • Philo teaches that all men are born free.
  • Christianity comes to Egypt

40 BC

  • Assyrian calendar year 4711, Berber calendar year 911, Buddhist calendar year 505
  • Either a common year starting on Thursday, Friday or Saturday or a leap year starting on Thursday or Friday
  • Lucius Antonius surrenders to Octavian
  • Treaty of Brundisium: The treaty is cemented by the marriage of Mark Antony and Octavia, sister of Octavian
  • Athenodorus a philosopher, encounters a ghost in Athens
  • Parthians conquer Jerusalem
  • Births: the twins of Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Mark Antony

In Geography

Photo from pexels.com

I-40 – a U.S. interstate connecting California to North Carolina

40 – National highways in Argentina, Canada, China, Czech Republic, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Mexico, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, Sweden, UK, and USA

40th Parallel South – crosses land in Australia, New Zealand, Chile, and Argentina

40th Parallel North – crosses land in Spain, Italy, Albania, Greece, Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, China, North Korea, Japan, USA, and Portugal

40th Meridian West – crosses Greenland, Brazil, and Antarctica

4oth Meridian East – crosses Russia, Ukraine, Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, and Antarctica

40-Step Stairway – historical place in Busan, South Korea

Forty Foot – a promontory on the southern tip of Dublin Bay, Ireland where people have been swimming in the Irish Sea all year round for hundreds of years

Forty Shades of Green is a visual term for rural Ireland

Miscellaneous
40 – the code for direct dial international phone calls to Romania

WD-40 – a popular penetrating oil whose name stands for the 40th formula of Water Displacement

Here’s #2 on the Billboard Charts from 40 years ago today – April 2, 1977 – our wedding day

On 64

cooltext64In Mathematics
64 – the square of 8, the cube of 4, and the sixth power of 2

64 – the first whole number that is both a perfect square and a perfect cube

64 – the smallest number with exactly seven divisors (1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64)

64 – a cardinal number, ordinal number, dodecagonal number, centered triangular number, Erdős–Woods number, superperfect number, and the index of Graham’s number

In Science
64 – The atomic number of the element gadolinium, whose neutrally charged atom contains 64 protons and 64 electrons

64 – the number of codons in the RNA codon table under genetic code

Messier object M64 – a galaxy known as the Black Eye Galaxy in the constellation Coma Berenices

The New General Catalogue object NGC 64 – a spiral galaxy in the constellation Cetus

In Entertainment
The number of squares on a game board for checkers, chess, and Bejeweled

64 – the name of a Russian chess magazine

64 – a dog character in the Donald Duck comics

Catullus 64 – a poem written by Catullus

Sonnet 64 – one of 154 sonnets written by William Shakespeare

64 – Channel number of television stations in Barstow (CA), Brownsville TX, Cincinnati OH, Fulton (AR), Kalamazoo MI, Kannapolis (NC), Kittanning PA, Providence RI, Ridgecrest (CA), San Bernardino CA, Scranton PA, Seaford DE, Stockton (CA),

64 – the number of crayons in the popular Crayola pack

64th Golden Globes – Held in 2007 with Dreamgirls winning the most awards (3)

64th Academy Awards – Held in 1992 with The Silence of the Lambs winning 5 Oscars

64 Zoo Lane – a British-French children’s cartoon

Sixty-four – a web comic

In Music
64 – The subject of the Beatles song When I’m Sixty-Four

“64” – the title of a song by the hip-hop group Mellowhype

Symphony No. 64 – composed by Joseph Haydn in A major

Opus 64, No. 1 – The Minute Waltz in D-flat major by Chopin

Trio 64 – an album by American jazz musician Bill Evans

Sixty-Four – a 2004 album by Donovan of his 1964 demo recordings

My 64 – a song by Mike Jones

64 Spoons – British rock/pop band in the 1970s-80s that was also known as The Legendary 64 Spoons or just The Spoons)

Commodore 64 – one of the pioneer bands for hip hop while being named after the 1980s computer

Fabric 64 – an album by Guy Gerber

Code 64 – an electronic music band from Sweden and Norway

In Computers
64-bit processors

Base64 – a group of similar binary-to-text encoding schemes

Decimal64 – a decimal floating-point computer numbering format that occupies 8 bytes (64 bits) in computer memory

Commodore 64 – an early 8-bit home computers

Nintendo 64 video game console, plus all its games that includes 64 in their title

64 – the maximum stack size in the video game Minecraft

Madden Football 64 – the first game in the Madden NFL series

In Business
Avenue Sixty-Four – a boutique wedding venue in Brisbane, Australia

In Culture and Language
Sessanta quattro, 60 Vier, 60 fyra, Sześćdziesiąt cztery, Шестдесет и четири, -Sáu mươi bốn, Fire og seksti, and LXIV

64 – The maximum number of strokes in any Chinese character

64 – The number of classical arts listed in many Indian scriptures

In Geography
64 – the international calling code for direct dial calls to New Zealand

64 – a US interstate highway from Missouri to Virginia

U.S. Route 64 – a highway from Arizona to North Carolina

Sixty-Four Villages East of the RIver – a group of Russian villages along the Amur River across from China

M64 – a planned but never built motorway in England

64th Parallel North crosses Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia, United States, Canada, Greenland, and Iceland

64th Parallel South crosses Antarctica – including land claimed by Argentina, Chile, and United Kingdom

64th Meridian East crosses Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Pakistan, and Antarctica

64th Meridian West crosses Canada, Greenland, Venezuela, Brazil, Bolivia, Argentina, and Antarctica

In History

Year 64 AD
Buddhist calendar 608, Korean calendar 2397, Discordian calendar 1230

Nero is the Emperor of Rome

July 19 – Great Fire of Rome destroying nearly half of the city occurred during the rule of Nero
Persecution of Christians in Rome begins
New urban planning program with wide streets, open spaces, and ornate buildings

Phoenicia becomes part of Syria.

The Kushan sack the town of Taxila (in present-day Pakistan).

The year the First Epistle of Peter is traditionally believed to be written.

Seneca proclaims the equality of all men, including slaves.

Deaths include Peter the Apostle, Paul the Apostle, and Empress Yin Lihua.

Year 64 BC
Berber calendar 887, Assyrian calendar 4687, Byzantine calendar 5445-5446

Servilius Rullus, Roman Republic tribune, proposes an agrarian reform law.

Pompey destroys the kingdom of Pontus, annexes Syria, captures Jerusalem and annexes Judea.

The end of the Seleucid dynasty.

US History
Federalist No. 64The Power of the Senate by John Jay published on March 5, 1788

The Sixty-fourth United States Congress – met during the third and fourth years (1915-1917) of Woodrow Wilson’s presidency

Miscellaneous
64 – the number of Braille characters in the old 6-dot system

64 – number of sexual positions in the Kama Sutra

64 – number of demons in the Dictionnaire Infernal

64 – refers to Tiananmen Square protests of 1989

1:64 – the traditional scale for models and miniatures

Unfortunately, 1,900 is not divisible by 64. Too bad because that would have been a great coincidence of celebrating the 1,900th post milestone on my 64th birthday. Seems like good rational to bypass the latest edition of Opinion in the Shorts.

Celebrate the events with one of my favorites. Which one to you chose?

00

On 39

Image from cooltext.com

Image from cooltext.com

April 2, 1977 – that was the day of our wedding in a Cleveland (Ohio) suburb. It was cross-state from my home, but a good group of my family and friends attended.

I graduated the previous June, then came to Cincinnati for my first job. She graduated a few weeks before the wedding, then joined me in Cincinnati after our honeymoon in Hilton Head, SC.

Since then, she knows I love trivia – or in her terms – useless information – this is the perfect post for our celebration – more useless information the number 39 in one place than one ever imagined. Yep – I’m quite the romantic.

In Language
Тридесет девет (Bulgarian), Trenta nove (Italian), Tridsať deväť (Slovak), Trettio nio (Swedish), Ba mươi chín (Vietnamese), XXXIX (Roman numerals) … Know any others?

In Mathematics
39 – a natural number, an odd integer that is divisible by 1, 3, 13, and 39

39 – a distinct semiprime number, a Perfect totient number, a Perrin number, Størmer number

39 – the number of edges on a F26A graph

39 – the sum of consecutive primes (3 + 5 + 7 + 11 + 13) and the product of the second and sixth prime (3 x 13)

Image from cooltext.com

Image from cooltext.com

In Chemistry
39 – the atomic number of yttrium, whose neutrally charged atom has 39 protons and 39 electrons

In Biology
Brodmann area 39 (BA39) – part of the human brain’s parietal cortex

39 – Number of chromosome pairs in the cells of African wild dogs, Chickens, Coyotes, Dholes, Dingos, Dogs, Doves, and Golden Jackal

In Astronomy
39 – the Saros series number for 73 lunar eclipses over 1298.1 years

39 – the star number that is in many constellations including Andromeda, Aquarius, Auriga, Boötes,Cancer, Draco, Eridanus, and more

In Religion
39 – according to Halakha, the number of activity categories prohibited on Shabbat

39 – the number of mentions of work or labor in the Torah

39 – the actual number of lashes given by the Sanhedrin to a person meted the punishment of 40 lashes

39 – according to Protestant canon, the number of books in the Old Testament

39 – the number of statements in Anglican Church doctrine known as the Thirty-Nine Articles

Papyrus 39 – an early papyrus manuscript of the New Testament in Greek of the Gospel of John, but only John 8:14-22

Psalm 39 (Prayer for Wisdom and Forgiveness)

39 – other than numerical designations for pages, chapters, etc, 39 does not directly appear in the Bible

Image from cooltext.com

Image from cooltext.com

In Arts and Entertainment
39 – Comedian Jack Benny’s perpetual age after 40

39th Tony Awards – winner include Biloxi Blues, Big River, and A Day in the Death of Joe Egg

In Literature
The Thirty-Nine Steps – a novel by John Buchan (1915), which has been transformed into multiple films (info later), a play, a television feature, and a video game

The 39 Clues – a book series revolving around 39 clues hidden around the world.

Sonnet 39 by William Shakespeare

In Television
39 – the number of days contestants compete on Survivor (the CBS reality show)

39 – the number of episodes done the 1955-1956 season of The Honeymooners (commonly referred to as the “Classic 39”).

The 39 Steps is a 2008 BBC adventure feature-length adaptation of the John Buchan novel The Thirty-Nine Steps

39th Emmys – winners included Golden Girls (Best Comedy) and L.A. Law (Best Drama)

Image from cooltext.com

Image from cooltext.com

In Film
Based on The Thirty-Nine Steps – the novel by John Buchan (1915) – are four versions:

  • The 39 Steps (1935 film), directed by Alfred Hitchcock
  • The 39 Steps (1959 film), directed by Ralph Thomas
  • The Thirty Nine Steps (1978 film), directed by Don Sharp
  • The 39 Steps (2008 film), directed by James Hawes

Glorious 39 – a 2009 drama film set at the beginning of World War II

39th Academy Awards – Oscars go to A Man for All Seasons (Best Picture), Fred Zinnemann (Best Actor), and Elizabeth Taylor (Best Actress)

39 Steps (band), a rock band appearing in Woody Allen’s film Hannah and Her Sisters

In Music
39 – a song by The Cure and Tenacious D

FabricLive.39 – a 2008 mix album by DJ Yoda

Fabric 39 – a 2008 album by Robert Hood.

39 Steps – an album by guitarist John Abercrombie (2013)

Now 39 (aka Now That’s What I Call Music! 39) – the 39th release of music featuring top singles i the UK.

Symphony No. 39 in G minor – written by Joseph Haydn 1767/1768)

Image from cooltext.com

Image from cooltext.com

In World History
39 – Forty save one: the traditional number of times citizens of Ancient Rome hit their slaves

39 – the duration (in nanoseconds) of the nuclear reaction in the largest nuclear explosion ever (the Russian Tsar Bomba detonated on 30 October 1961)

39 – the number of Scud missiles Iraq fired at Israel during the Gulf War (1991)

Year 39 CE

  • A common year starting on Thursday
  • Tigellinus, minister and favorite of the Roman emperor Nero, is banished for adultery with Caligula’s sisters.
  • Philo leads a Jewish delegation to Rome to protest the anti-Jewish conditions in Alexandria.
  • The Trung Sisters resist the Chinese influences in Vietnam.
  • Born – Lucan (Roman poet) and Titus Flavius (future Roman emperor)
  • Deaths – Seneca the Elder (Roman rhetorician)

Year 39 BC

  • A common year starting on Friday, Saturday or Sunday or a leap year starting on Saturday
  • Sextus Pompey (self-proclaimed “son of Neptune”) controlled Sicily, Sardinia, and Corsica
  • Born – Antonia Major (daughter of Mark Antony, grandmother of Nero and Messalin),
    Julia the Elder (daughter of Caesar Augustus)

In US History
39 – the number of signers to the United States Constitution

39th President of the United States – Jimmy Carter

Number 39 – the Federalist Paper essay by James Madison describing the nature of the United States government as a new idea. (The Conformity of the Plan to Republican Principles,
published January 18, 1788)

Title 39 – the United States Code outlining the role of United States Postal Service

39th Congress – served from 4 March 1865 – 4 March 1867 during the presidencies of Abraham Lincoln (1 month) and Andrew Johnson

Image from cooltext.com

Image from cooltext.com

In Sports
39 – the number of wooden boards normally consisting a bowling lane

Retired #39 Uniforms
MLB – Roy Campanella (Dodgers)
NFL – Larry Csonka (Dolphins)
NBA – none
NHL – Dominik Hašek (Sabres)

Super Bowl XXXIX – New England Patriots defeated the Philadelphia Eagles 24-21 on February 6, 2005 at Alltel Stadium in Jacksonville, Florida

NASCAR #39 – in 422 races, #39 won 4 races (all by Ryan Newman)

In Geography
39th Parallel north – crosses land in Portugal, Spain, Italy, Greece, Turkey, Iran, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Iran, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, China, North Korea, Japan, and United States

39th Parallel south – crosses land in Australia, New Zealand, Chile, and Argentina

39th Meridian west – crosses land in Greenland and Brazil

39 Meridian east – crosses in Russia, Ukraine, Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Jordan, Saudi Arabia,Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, and Mozambique

National Highway 39 – found in Australia, Brazil, Canada, Czech Republic, France, Germany
India, Iran, Japan, South Korea, New Zealand, United Kingdom, and United States

Pier 39 – a shopping center and popular tourist attraction built on a pier in San Francisco, California

I-39 – a US interstate highway from Normal, Illinois to Wausau, Wisconsin

In Miscellaneous
The 39 Steps is video game adaptation of Buchan’s book

39 – the international code for direct-dialed phone calls to Italy

ICL Series 39 – a range of mainframe and minicomputer computer systems released by the UK manufacturer ICL in 1985

Curse of 39 – the belief in some parts of Afghanistan that the number 39 is cursed or a badge of shame associated with prostitution

39 – Japanese Internet chat slang for “Thank You” when written with numbers (3=San 9=Kyuu)

Lace – the traditional gift for a 39th wedding anniversary

On 37

Long-time visitors here know I occasionally toast a specific number in honor of an occasion. Although it was in April, this is a toast to our thirty-seven years of marriage. Feel free to add any other notes about thirty-seven (37). With this, I raise my glass to the my dance partner and friend – fellow golfer, wine & food enthusiast – my handbell-playing wife.

In Mathematics

From cooltext.com

From cooltext.com

37 is the 12th prime number, the fifth lucky prime, the first irregular prime, the third unique prime, the third cuban prime of the form, and a Stormer number

37, along with 38, are the first pair of consecutive positive integers not divisible by any of their digits

37 is the only two digit number in base 10 whose product, when multiplied by two, subtracted by one, and then read backwards, equals the original two digit number: 37×2=74, 74-1=73, 73 backwards is 37

37 is the only two digit number in base 10 with the following property: The difference between the two digits equals the square root of the difference between the number itself and the least common multiple of the two digits

In Science
37 is the atomic number of rubidium, whose neutral atom contains 37 protons and 37 electrons

37 is the normal human body temperature in degrees Celsius

At 37 weeks, the developing baby, with its average vitals of 6.3 pounds and 19 inches long with a ½ inch to an inch of hair, is approaching full term

Messier object M37, a magnitude 6.0 open cluster in the constellation Auriga

The New General Catalogue object NGC 37, a spiral galaxy in the constellation Phoenix

Kepler-37b is the smallest known planet

Pliny’s Natural History in 37 books

In Language
Trenta setta (Italian), Kolmkümmend seitse (Estonian), Siebenunddreißig (German), Tiga puluh tujuh (Indonesian), Trettio sju (Swedish), Тридесет седем (Bulgarian), XXXVII (Roman numeral)

In Sports
Retired #37 professional sports jerseys

  • MLB – Casey Stengel (Yankees & Mets)
  • NFL – Doak Walker (Lions), Jimmy Johnson (49ers)
  • NBA – none
  • NHL – none

In NASCAR, car #37 has been in 470 races, but only won once (Bobby Isaac)

Super Bowl XXXVII, 26 January 2003, in San Diego, CA; Tampa Bay Buccaneers defeat the Oakland Raiders 48-21

In Entertainment
37th Academy Awards (1964) with My Fair Lady winning 8 Oscars from its 13 nominations

37th Grammy Awards (1995) with Streets of Philadelphia (Bruce Springsteen) as Song of the Year

37th Tony Awards (1983) with Cats winning Best Musical

The 37th Daytime Emmy Awards (2010)

The 37th People’s Choice Awards (2011)

Mozart Symphony No. 37; Nocturne, Opus 37 (Chopin), Haydn’s Symphony No. 37

37 Days is a BBC documentary drama

In Literature
The number of plays William Shakespeare is thought to have written (counting Henry IV as three parts)

Books include Thirty-Seven Days of Peril, The 37th Amendment, Thirty-Seven: Essay on Life, Wisdom, & Masculinity, and a host of books about cooking, crafts, pets, and whatever

The protagonist in the book This Number Speaks is named Thirty-Seven

In Geography
Municipal Okrug #37, name of Yugo-Zapad Municipal Okrug of Krasnoselsky District of Saint Petersburg, Russia, before 2009

+37 was the international dialing code of the German Democratic Republic (aka East Germany)

Highway 37 are found in Canada, India, Iran, Japan, Mexico, South Korea, UK, and United States

37th Parallel North

  • Crosses Algeria, Tunisia, Italy, Greece, Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, China, South Korea, Japan, USA, Portugal, and Spain
  • Serves as the southern borders of Utah, Colorado, and Kansas while serving as the northern borders of Arizona, New Mexico, and Oklahoma

37th Parallel South crosses Australia, New Zealand, Chile, and Chile

37th Meridian East crosses Russia, Ukraine, Turkey, Syria, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, and Mozambique

37th Meridian West crosses Greenland, Brazil, South Georgia, The Sandwich Islands, and Antarctica

Specifically USA
37th US Congress served the first two years of Abraham Lincoln’s term (1861-1863)

37th US President was Richard Nixon

Nebraska is the 37th state admitted

Number Thirty-Seven is an unincorporated community in Pennsylvania

I-37 is a 143-mile highway in Texas between San Antonio and Corpus Christi

In World History
Year 37 (XXXVII)

  • A common year starting on Tuesday
  • Buddhist calendar year 581, Berber calendar year 987, and Korean calendar year 2370
  • Tiberius, Roman Emperor dies
  • The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius’s will and proclaims Caligula Roman Emperor
  • An earthquake destroys Antioch
  • Saint Peter founds the Syrian Orthodox Church
  • Probable year of the conversion of the Pharisee Saul of Tarsus to Christianity
  • Nero, a future Roman Emperor, is born
  • Josephus, a Jewish historian, is born

Year 37 BC

  • Burmese calendar year 674, Holocene calendar year 9964, Thai Solar calendar year 507
  • Mark Antony reorganized Asia Minor under strongmen loyal to him
  • Romans conquer Jerusalem from the Parthians
  • Herod the Great becomes king of Judea
  • Thousands of Jews slaughtered by Roman troops supporting Herod
  • Jing Fang born, Chinese mathematician and music theorist

In Religion
37 Great Nats traditionally worshiped in Burma

Psalm 37

Papyrus 37 is the name of an early copy of the New Testament written in Greek

Miscellaneous
The number of slots in European Roulette (numbered 0 to 36, the 00 is not used in
European roulette as it is in American roulette)

37 is an unused TV channel in countries using M&N broadcast system standards, thus Channel 37 is commonly used in fiction

Aircrafts include Cessna T-37 Tweet, A-37 Dragonfly, Beechcraft AQM-37 Jayhawk, and the Boeing X-37

The number most people state when asked to give a random number between 0 and 100

Soyuz 37 was a manned space flight in 1980

37 Coins is a bitcoin wallet provider based in California

Alabaster is the traditional, 37th anniversary gift

On 36

cooltext36The following past post marked the occasion of our 36th wedding anniversary. Given that I also enjoy saluting numbers, here’s my toast to 36.

In Mathematics

  • Divisible by 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 18, 36
  • Is a perfect square (of ±6), a triangular number, a square triangular number, a 13-gonal number, a highly composite number, a semiperfect number, a Harshad number, an Erdős–Woods number, the sum of a twin price, and the sum of 1-cubed + 2-cubed + 3-cubed
  • The degrees of the interior angle of a regular pentagram
  • The number of possible outcomes when rolling two dice
  • Number of sides on the truncated cube and the truncated octahedron
  • 36 squared is 1296
  • The sum of integers 1 to 36 = 666

In Chemistry
Atomic number of Krypton, whose neutrally charged atom has 36 protons and 36 electrons

In Space

  • Messier object M36 is in the constellation Auriga
  • New General Catalogue (NGC) object 36 is a spiral galaxy in the constellation Pisces
  • 36 Cancri is an A-class star in the constellation Cancer.
  • Discoverer 36, also known as Corona 9029, was an American optical reconnaissance satellite launched in 1961\
  • Soyuz 36 spaceflight was in 1980
  • Expedition 36 to the International Space Station is scheduled to begin in May 2013

In Standards

  • In the US (and very few other countries) 36 inches = 1 yard
  • IBM System/36, a minicomputer
  • Refers to a 36 inches long pipe wrench
  • In the UK, a standard beer barrel is 36 UK gallons, about 163.7 liters
  • Many early computers featured a 36-bit word length
  • ASCII code for the symbol ‘$
  • The number of characters required to store the display name of a UUID or GUID (e.g., 00000000-0000-0000-C000-000000000046)
  • IBM System/36 (S36) was a minicomputer marketed from 1983-2000
  • 36-bit computer architecture
  • In temperatures, 36 C = 96.8 F, but 36 F = 2.2 C

In Music

  • 36 is a punk band
  • 36th Grammy Awards were in 1994 with Whitney Houston as the big winner
  • 36D is a song written by Paul Heaton and Dave Rotheray and performed by The Beautiful South.
  • 6-C is an album by Fifth Column
  • Mozart wrote Symphony #36 in 1783
  • Berlin 36 is a 2009 German film about a Jewish athlete in the 1936 Olympics

In Art

  • 36 Views of Mount Fuji
  • 36 Views of the Eiffel Tower

In Literature

In Film

  • The 36th Chamber of Shaolin (1978) is a kung fu film
  • 36 is a movie (2010) directed by Martin Campbell
  • 36th Academy Awards held in 1964 with Best Picture nominations to Cleopatra, How the West Was Won, Lillies in the Field, America America, and Tom Jones (winner)
  • 36 Pasos (36 Steps) is a 2006 Argentine horror film
  • North of 36 is a 1924 silent film Western Drama

In Entertainment

  • Watch Channel 36 in Charlotte, Lexington (KY), Oakland
  • Canal 36 is a television station in Honduras
  • The Incubator was the 36th episode of M.A.S.H, which aired December 1, 1973
  • 36 is a sports documentary show on NBC Sports Network and TSN
  • The 36th season of Saturday Night Live was 2010-2011
  • The game of roulette has ’36’ numbers on the playing grid and roulette wheel
  • Rollorpoker, a roulette-based game, uses ‘36’ playing cards on the wheel and playing grid, instead of numbers

In Language
Thirty six, trente six, dreißig sechs, kolmekymmentä kuusi, tretti seks, talatin da shida, XXXVI

In Sports

  • Retired jerseys of MLB’s Robin Roberts (Phillies) and Gaylord Perry (Giants), NFL’s Mack Lee Hill (Chiefs), and NBA’s Lloyd Neal (Trailblazers)
  • The Adelaide 36ers are an Australian Pro-Basketball team
  • In NASCAR, #36 has raced 633, never won, finished in the top 5 32 times, and driven the most by Ken Schrader (106)
  • Super Bowl XXXVI: New England Patriots 20 – St. Louis Rams 17, played at the Louisiana Superdome on February 3, 2002

In Religion

  • In the Jewish tradition, light created by God on the first day of creation shone for 36 hours
  • The Torah commands love, respect, and protect the strange 36 times
  • There are 36 righteous people in every generation
  • 36 candles are in a menorah over 8 days
  • In the Māori legend, 36 gods were involve creating the first human before receving the breath of life from Tāne
  • In Shavism, 36 tattvas describe the internal aspects of creation
  • In Christianity, Psalm 36

In US History

  • Nevada is the 36th state (1864)
  • Lyndon B. Johnson served as the 36th US president
  • The 36th US Congress (1859-1861) during the last two years of James Buchanan’s presidency
  • Alexander Hamilton wrote Federalist Papers 36, The Same Subject Continued: Concerning the General Power of Taxation, the last of the seven papers on taxation

In World History Year 36 BC

  • Buddhist calendar year 509, Korean calendar year 2298, Thai solar calendar year 508, Chinese calendar year 2601/2661 to 2602/2662
  • Mark Antony married Cleopatra VII while still married to Octavia

In World History Year 36 CE

  • A leap year that started on a Saturday
  • Bengali calendar year -577, Berber calendar 986, and Iranian calendar year 586 BP – 585 BP
  • Historical figures include Pontius Pilot, Emporer Tiberius, and Herod Antipus
  • Some say this is the year of Jesus’ crucifixion

In Geography

  • The 36th parallel south only across land in Australia, New Zealand, Chile, and Argentina
  • The 36th meridian east passes through Russia, Ukraine, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, and Mozambique
  • US Route 36 runs 1,414 miles from Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado to Uhrichsville, Ohio

In Business

  • The Thirty-Six Bisto in Anchorage, Alaska
  • Thirty-Six, a camera boutique in Singapore
  • Thirty-Six Peonies Publishing Company
  • Studio Thirty-Six – spa, beauty, and personal treatment in Santa Rosa, California

Miscellaneous

  • A perfect score on the ACT
  • In French-speaking countries, 36 is often used as a placeholder number
  • International phone code for Hungary
  • The 36 pounder long gun was the largest piece of naval artillery for French war ships in its time
  • TI-36 calculator made in 1986
  • The 36 Boys were a gang of primarily Turkish immigrants from Berlin-Kreuzberg involved in criminal activities
  • The 36-line Bible, the second printed edition of the Bible and known as the “Bamberg Bible”, is named after its 36 lines of text on each page. FYI: The Gutenberg Bible had 42 lines per page

On 35

My wife and I celebrated our 35th anniversary this past April.  Here’s a toast to more than you ever wanted to know about 35.

In Mathematics

  • 35 is a tetrahedral number, centered cube number, a pentagonal number, a highly cototient number, Størmer number, and apentatope number
  • Divisible by 1, 5, 7, 35
  • The highest number one can count to on one’s fingers using base 6
  • Squared is 1225, but its square root is 5.92
  • A 35-sided polygon is a triacontakaipentagon (impress your friends with that one)

In Science

  • Atomic number of bromine, whose neutral atom has 35 protons and 35 electrons
  • Messier object M35, a magnitude 5.5 open cluster in the constellation Gemini
  • The New General Catalogue object NGC 35, a galaxy in the constellation Cetus
  • The Saros number of the solar eclipse series which began on -1870 (1871 BC) July 25 and ended on -373 (374 BC) January 9. The duration of Saros series 35 was 1496.5 years, and it contained 84 solar eclipses
  • The Saros number of the lunar eclipse series which began on -1550 (1551 BC) May 14 and ended on -252 (253 BC) July 1. The duration of Saros series 35 was 1298.1 years, and it contained 73 lunar eclipses
  • 35 degrees F = 1.67 degrees C, but 35 degrees C = 95 degrees F
  • During the 35th week of pregnancy, the average human baby weights 6 pounds, measures 12 inches, and has fully developed lungs

In Entertainment

  • 35 c, a song by Jagúar from the album Jagúar
  • XXXV (album), the thirty-fifth anniversary album by folk rock band Fairport Convention
  • 35 is the title of a book written by Casper Schipper
  • Lawrence of Arabia wins Best Picture at the 35th Academy Awards (1963)
  • Cheers and Hill Street Blues win awards at the 35th Primetime Emmy Awards (1983)
  • 80/35 Festival in Des Moines, Iowa
  • Television Channel 35 are in Richmond, Erie, and Orlando

In Sports

  • Retired MLB jerseys: Randy Jones (Padres), Phil Niekro (Braves), Frank Thomas (White Sox)
  • Retired NHL jersey: Tony Esposito (Blackhawks)
  • Retired NBA jerseys: Roger Brown (Pacers), Reggie Lewis (Celtics), and Darryl Griffith (Jazz)
  • Super Bowl XXXV: Held in Tampa, Florida, Baltimore Ravens defeated the NY Giants 34-7
  • In NASCAR, #35 has started 109 races with 0 wins and 6 top five finishes (all by Benny Parsons)

In Business

In Geography
Interstate 35 runs from Texas to Minnesota and the only freeway to have East–West divisions (in two places, the Twin Cities and the DFW Metroplex

U.S. Route 35 (a highway I have been on many times) is a north–south highway running northwest-southeast for approximately 412 miles (663 km) from northern Michigan City, Indiana to the western suburbs of Charleston, West Virginia.

In US

  • The minimum age of candidates for election to the United States Presidency
  • 35th U.S. Congress met from March 4, 1857 to March 3, 1859, during the first two years of James Buchanan’s presidency
  • John F. Kennedy, the 35th US president

Miscellaneous

  • 35th anniversary gifts are coral (traditional) and jade (modern)
  • Licence Plate code of Izmir/Turkey
  • Highway 35 World Race is a series of Hot Wheels
  • The F-35 Lightning II Aircraft
  • 35 Israeli soldiers died in a convoy during the 1948 war of independence
  • Italy hosted the 35th G8 Summit (2009)
  • 35 mm film is the basic film gauge most commonly used film in photography and motion pictures (for we Americans, 35 mm = 1.377953 inches)
  • 35 Raceway claims to have the fastest 1/5 mile dirt rack in the Midwest
  • Cinema 35 Drive-In in Eaton, Ohio used to show soft porn
  • STS-35 was on the space shuttle Columbia (1990)
  • Smith & Wesson produced a 35-caliber pistol
  • Vera Renczi, allegedly murdered 35 individuals in the 1920s (including husbands, lovers, and a son) with arsenic

In Year 35 AD 

  • A common year starting on Saturday
  • Buddhist calendar year 579, Berber calendar year 985, Korean calendar year 2368
  • Tiridates III becomes king of Parthia

In Year 35 BC

  • Started either on a Thursday or Friday or a leap year starting on Wednesday, Thursday or Friday (sources differ because of what is known as leap year error)
  • Holocene calendar year 9966, Burmese calendar year -672
  • Marcus Titius arrived in Syria with a large army and marched to Asia Minor

On 59

Why a tribute to 59? Well, sometime in February I turned 59, so that’s a good enough reason for me. For tributes to other numbers, see Category > Numbers in the sidebar or click here.  Meanwhile, here’s more about fifty nine than you ever wanted to know.

In Language

Fifty nine is the same as padesát devět, vijftig negen, cinquante neuf, cinquanta nove, femtio nio, LIX, and more.

In Mathematics

  • Fifty-nine is the 17th smallest prime number and an Eisenstein prime
  • Since 15! + 1 is divisible by 59 but 59 is not one more than a multiple of 15, 59 is a Pillai prime (who would have guessed this)
  • Divisible by 1 and 59
  • Square root equals 7.68114574786861, but 59 squared is 3,481

In Science

  • The atomic number of praseodymium, whose neutrally charged atom contains 59 protons and 59 electrons
  • Messier object M59, a magnitude 11.5 galaxy in the constellation Virgo
  • 59 Sagittarii is a giant bright star in the constellation Sagittarius
  • The New General Catalogue object NGC 59, a magnitude 12.4 spiral galaxy in the constellation Cetus
  • The Saros 59 for solar eclipse series lasted 1280.1 years (from June 1031 BC to July 249 AD) and contained 72 solar eclipses
  • The Saros 39 for lunar eclipse series lasted 1298.1 years (from March 729 BC to May 569 AD) and contained 73 lunar eclipses
  • 59 degrees C = 138 degrees F; but 59 degrees F = 15 degrees C

In Entertainment

  • Beethoven’s Opus 59 consists of the three so-called Razumovsky Quartets
  • 59, an album by Puffy AmiYumi
  • The 1960s song The 59th Street Bridge Song (Feelin’ Groovy) was popularized by Simon & Garfunkel and Harpers Bizarre
  • The 59 Sound, an album by The Gaslight Anthem, includes thia song of the same name
  • 59 by the 1990s
  • 59 is a song by djTAKA from beatmania IIDX 2nd Style and Dance Dance Revolution 4thMIX
  •  59th Emmy Awards (2007) with ABC getting the most nominations
  •  59th Academy Awards (1987) with winners including Platoon, Paul Newman, and Marlee Matlin

In Sports

  • No retired 59s in the professional football, basketball, baseball, and hockey
  • Car 59 has only raced in 18 NASCAR races – never winning, never finishing in the top 10, and only finishing the race 4 times
  • Satchel Paige became the oldest major league baseball player at age 59
  • 59 is a the lowest golf score in a single round on the PGA Tour, achieved by Al Geiberger, Chip Beck, David Duval, Paul Goydos, andStuart Appleby and on the LPGA Tour by Annika Sörenstam

In Geography

  • The designation of Interstate 59, a freeway that runs from Louisiana to Georgia
  • The designation of US-59, a highway between Minnesota and Texas
  • The Queensboro Bridge in New York City is also known as the 59th Street Bridge (Feelin’ Groovy)
  • Central Park South is on 59th Street in New York City
  • 59th Street Manhattan
  • 59th Street Manhattan forms the border between Midtown Manhattan and Uptown Manhattan. It bisects Columbus Circle and forms the southern boundary of Central Park between Fifth Avenue and Central Park West, plus it has this subway stop.
  • 59th Parallel South does not intersect any land
  • 59th Meridian East is also known as the Herman Cain Meridian because it goes through Uzibeki-beki-beki-bekistan

In Travel

In Business

  • 59 Diner in Houston
  • Art of 59 – Handcrafted pedals from Luxemburg
  • Marina 59 Boatel is a fleet of abandoned boats renovated by artists in Rockaway, NY
  • Art Room 59, a gallery and gift shop in Fife, UK
  • 59Fifty is a line of New Era hats
  • 59 Productions (a media production company in the UK)
  • Five Nine, an amateur radio magazine published in Japan

In 59 AD

  • Started on Monday
  • Nero (aka Mr. Nice Guy) ordered his mother, Agrippina the Younger, killed. Since she survived the planned shipwreck, Nero ordered her executed and then ruled her death as suicide

In 59 BC

  • Caesar makes the Acta Diurna (Daily News) the world’s first public daily newspaper, which contains details of official decrees and appointments; births, deaths, and marriages. Even sport results—the outcome of the gladiatorial contests and chariot races at the capital – but no odds on upcoming gladiator matches by Jimmy the Greek
  • Caesar marries Calpurnia in Rome
  • Modern Florence, founded.
  • Pharaoh Ptolemy XIV of Egypt born
  • Prince He of Changyi, former Emperor of the Han Dynasty of China, died

Miscellaneous

  • The last minute in a given hour, and the last second in a given minute
  • Approximately the number of days in two lunar months
  • The number on a button commonly worn by feminist activists in the 1970s; this was based on the claim that a woman earned 59 cents to an equally qualified man’s dollar
  • In amateur radio, a perfect voice signal report
  • Art Project 59’s ’59 Seconds Video Festival'[2] at 59 Franklin Street, showed 59 videos to 59 different audiences, each 59 seconds long and incorporating the number 59
  • The number of the French department Nord
  • John Swartzwelder wrote “59” episodes of The Simpsons cartoon series
  • The TI-59 was a programmable calculator
  • Television channel 59 broadcast from Indianapolis, IN and Ghent, WV.
  • The 59th Congress served in 1905-1907 during the fifth and sixth years of the Theodore Roosevelt administration