On 31

This week is a big one is our household because my wife’s last day of work is Thursday. Yep, after 31 years with a major company that is well-known around the world, she’s retiring. To say she’s looking forward to retirement would be an understatement. She worked hard to be a highly valued employee, but she’s ready to move on to the next phase of her life.

Although the week will end with our wedding anniversary, this post is a salute to her retirement – which also means I’m preparing another salute to a different number.

Life will be an adjustment for both of us, but we’ve been a team for a long time – so the new available time should be fun. A tip of the hat to my partner in life – the one I’ve loved for a long time.

In Language
31 – Tridhjetenjë (Albanian), Třicet jedna (Czech), Enogtredive (Danish), Kolmkümmend üks (Estonian), 30 En (Swedish), Tiga puluh (Indonesian), and XXXI (Roman numerals). Do you have others?

cooltext31

Image from cooltext.com

In Mathematics
31 – a natural number, an odd integer that is only divisible by 1 and itself

31 – a third Mersenne prime, the fourth primorial prime, the twin prime of 29. The fourth lucky prime, the 11th supersingular prime, a centered triangular number, a centered decagonal number, the lowest prime centered pentagonal number, the lowest possible Steiner topology for Steiner trees with 4 terminals, a repdigit in base 2 and base 5

In Chemistry
The atomic number of gallium – so a single neutrally charged atom of gallium has 31 protons and 31 electrons

In Biology
31 – the number of pairs of spinal nerves in humans

31 – the number of pairs of chromosomes in donkeys, gypsy moths, and giraffes

cooltext31

Image from cooltext.com

In Astronomy
Messier object M31 is in the constellation Andromeda and is readily visible to the naked eye in a modestly dark sky.

The New General Catalogue object NGC 31, a spiral galaxy in the constellation Phoenix

31 Orionis is a star in the constellation Orion – 31 Leonis is a star in the constellation Leo – and many more 31s throughout the galaxy

In Geography
31st parallel north crosses land of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, China, Japan, Mexico, and the United States

31st parallel south crosses land of South Africa, Australia, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, and Brazil,

31st meridian east crosses land of Norway, Russia, Finland, Belarus, Ukraine, Turkey, Egypt, Sudan, Uganda, Congo, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, and Swaziland

31st meridian west only crosses land in Greenland

31st Street in New York City begins at the West Side Yard, and ends at Second Avenue at Kips Bay Towers and NYU Medical Center

Chicago as a 31st Street Beach

Virginia Beach’s 31st Street Park has an outdoor stage for movies, concerts, and shows

Image from cooltext.com

Image from cooltext.com

In History
Papyrus 31, an early copy of the New Testament in Greek, dates back to 7th century

31st US President was Herbert Hoover

31st Congress met 1849-1851 during presidential terms of Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore

Federalist No. 31, an essay by Alexander Hamilton (pseudonym Publius), is the second of seven essays on taxation

Year 31 CE
A common year starting on Monday

Berber calendar year 981, Assyrian calendar year 4781, Coptic calendar year −253 – −252
A possible year for the crucifixion of Jesus Christ

Year 31 BC
Either a common year starting on Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday or a leap year starting on Tuesday or Wednesday

Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian becomes Roman Consul for the third time

Roman Civil War: Battle of Actium: Off the western coast of Greece, Octavian Caesar defeats the naval forces under Mark Antony and Cleopatra VII

The fortress Masada completed in the Judean Desert

By some scholars, the Hellenistic period ends

Image from cooltext.com

Image from cooltext.com

In Sports
In Super Bowl XXXI, the Green Bay Packers defeated the New England Patriots 35-21 on January 26, 1997 at the Superdome in New Orleans, and Desmond Howard won the MVP

31 – a common number worn by Ice hockey goalies

Retired #31 jerseys

  • (MLB) Dave Winfield (Padres), Ferguson Jenkins (Cubs), Greg Maddux (Cubs and Braves), Mike Piazza (Mets)
  • (NBA) Cedric Maxwell (Celtics), Reggie Miller (Pacers)
  • (NHL) Grant Fuhr (Oilers), Billy Smith (Islanders)
  • (NFL) William Andrews (Falcons), Jim Taylor (Saints)

In 1,071 NASCAR races, car #31 has won 7 times: Jeff Burton (4) and Robby Gordon (3) – plus finished in the top 5 87 times

In Entertainment
Seinfeld episode #31 (season 3) “The Pez Dispenser” first aired 15 January 1992

31 – an American independent horror film (2016) written and directed by Rob Zombie

31 – a card game

31 – a type of game played on a backgammon board

31 Songs, a book by Nick Hornby

Read Shakespeare’s Sonnet 31

Symphony No. 31: Paris by Mozart

Symphony No. 31 by Joseph Haydn is also known as Hornsignal

Ludwig van Beethoven composed Piano Sonata No. 16 in G major, Opus 31 No. 1 and Piano Sonata No. 16 in D Minor, Opus 31 No. 2 – the latter is also known as The Tempest (click to hear the Allegreto)

Image from cooltext.com

Image from cooltext.com

In Business
31 – the number of flavors of Baskin-Robbins ice cream; which is called 31 Ice Cream in Japan

31st Street Studios in Pittsburgh offers studio production and management

31 Gifts (actually Thirty-One Gifts) is a party and gift consultant organization

Miscellaneous
The number of days in the months January, March, May, July, August, October and December

The code for international direct-dial phone calls to the Netherlands

There are 31 letters in the Cyrillic alphabet

In French the expression trente et un (31) refers to someone who is well dressed

31 years is roughly a billion seconds

31 (XXXI): a women’s honorary at The University of Alabama

31-bit integers – a component of computer architecture introduced in 1983 for mainframes

Music has a 31-tone equal temperament tuning system

J31 – the first jet engine produced in quantity in the United States (by GE)

On 77 Sevens of the 7th Degree

1) Seven in different languages include septum (Latin), sapte (Romanian), sju (Swedish). septa (Greek), siti (Japanese), Shiv`(Hebrew), set (Catalan), and VII (Roman)


cooltext_7In Mathematics

2) Seven is one of two single-digit numbers with two syllables

3) Seven, the fourth prime number, a Mersenne prime, a double Mersenne prime, a Newman–Shanks–Williams prime, a Woodall prime, a factorial prime, a lucky prime, a happy prime (happy number), a safe prime, the only Mersenne safe prime, and the fourth Heegner number

4) A heptagon is a seven-sided shape

5) Seven squared is 49, but the square root of 7 is 2.64575131106

In Entertainment
6) Film titles include Seven Chances (1925), Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937), Seven Sinners (1940), Seven Brides for Seven Brothers (1954), The Seven Year Itch (1955), The Seventh Seal (1957), The Magnificent Seven (1960), 7 Faces of Dr. Lao (1964), Seven Days in May (1964), Seven (1995), and Seven Pounds (2008)

7) Secret agent number 007 … Bond …. James Bond

8) George Costanza (Seinfeld) wanted to name his firstborn “The Seven”, in honor of baseball great Mickey Mantle – but his fiance’s cousin and spouse stole the idea

9) George Carlin routine, “Seven Words You Can Never Say on Television

10) Star Trek: Voyager features a character named Seven of Nine.

In Literature
11) William Shakespeare’s As You Like It by contains the 7 Ages of Man theory.

12) The number of main islands of mythological Atlantis

In Music
13) Original 45 rpm records were 7 inches in diameter

14) The number of notes in the traditional Western musical scale

15) A group of seven musicians in a septet or a septuor

16) Songs with Seven or 7 in the title were recorded by The Ramones, Simon & Garfunkel, Four Tops, Dave Matthews Band, Eagles, Queen, Prince, Tina Turner, Norah Jones, Trisha Yearwood, REM, Mary J Blige, Fleetwood Mac, David Bowie, Toni Braxton, Megadeth, and more

17) Albums with 7 in the title include Garth Brooks, Mannheim Steamroller, Enrique Iglesias, Iron Maiden

18) Composers with a seventh symphony include these seven: Beethoven, Bruckner, Dvorak, Mahler, Mozart, Shostakovich, and Sibelius … but there’s more

In Sports
19) In the NHL, MLB, and NBA, the maximum number of games played in a playoff series

From allfreevectors.com

From allfreevectors.com

20) The jersey number 7 has been retired by several North American sports teams in honor of past playing greats or other key figures: MLB (2), NFL (4), NBA (4), NHL (9)

21) In NASCAR, Robby Gordon has driven #7 in the most races, but never won – yet, #7 has won 23 times in 1433 races

22) A regulation game high school baseball and all softball games lasts seven innings

23) American and Canadian football teams commonly score 7 points for a touchdown and a kicked extra point

24) William Howard Taft (the 27th US President and a Cincinnatian) started the 7th inning stretch at baseball games

25) When scoring baseball and softball, 7 refers to the left fielder

26) A team traditionally consists of seven athletes in cross country, water polo, Ultimate Frisbee, and team handball

27) A heptathlon is a competition involved seven running, jumping and throwing events

28) The 7th Olympiads were held in Antwerp, Belgium (1920, summer) and Cortina, Italy (1956, winter)

29) Super Bowl VII: In Los Angeles, California – Miami Dolphins beat the Washington Redskins 14-7 to become the first (and currently the only) team to win the Super Bowl with an undefeated record

In Business and Commerce
30) 7-Eleven is the trading name of a chain of convenience stores based in the US

31) 7 Up is the name of a popular soft drink

32) BMW 7 Series, is a group of luxury vehicles from the German automobile manufacturer

33) The Lotus Seven, a kit car produced by Lotus

34) Each airplane in Boeing’s line of passenger jets is named with a 3-digit number beginning and ending in 7

In Religion
35) Judaism & Old Testament Christianity share the 7 days of creation and Jericho’s walls falling on the seventh day after seven priests with seven trumpets march around the city seven times

Interfaith graphic by Justice St. Rain (Bahá’í Community) of Interfaith Resources

Interfaith graphic by Justice St. Rain (Bahá’í Community) of Interfaith Resources

36) Judaism includes the weekly Torah portion is divided into seven aliyahs, seven Jewish men are called up for the reading of these aliyahs during Shabbat morning services, reciting the seven blessings during a Jewish wedding ceremony, the Seven Shepherds, the number of nations displaced upon entering Israel, the seven orifices of the face

37) Christianity includes the seven deadly sins, the Seven Corporal Acts of Mercy, The Seven Joys of the Virgin Mary, The Seven Sacraments, The Seven Sorrows of the Virgin Mary, the Seven Gifts of the Holy Spirit, the Seven Virtues

38) Hinduism includes Seven Promises, Seven Rounds in Hindu Wedding, Seven Reincarnation, seven worlds in the universe, seven seas in the world, seven Rishies, Buddha walking 7 steps at his birth, and Sapta Rishi (the celestial group of seven stars based on the seven great saints)

39) Islam includes 7 in the number of ayat in surat al-Fatiha, the number of layers of the Earth, the number of skies, the number of circumambulations (Tawaf) made around the Kaaba, the number of heavens, the number of hells in hell, the number of walks between Al-Safa and Al-Marwah mountains – they why pilgrims travel back and forth seven times during the ritual pilgrimages of Hajj and Umrah

40) Significance of seven in other religions include the Seven Lucky Gods, the seven divine women who were left behind on earth and became the ancestresses of all humankind (Khasi), the seven-branched sword, the number of sages, the Seven Valleys text, the number of palms in an Egyptian Sacred Cubit, and the number of legendary monsters

41) There are 7 Chakras in the basic model used in various eastern traditions and philosophies

42) The Theosophical teachings of Alice A. Bailey divide the human race into seven psychological types called the Seven Rays

In Geography
43) The Spanish explorers searched the New World for Seven Cities of Gold

44) The Sevens is a rugby union stadium in Dubai, UAE

45) I grew up in a town on State Route 7

46) The Seven Virgins mountain range is in Sri Lanka

In Science
Rainbow47) We can see 7 celestial objects of our solar system with the naked eye from Earth

48) The constellations the Big Dipper and Orion contain 7 main stars

49) Almost all mammals have 7 cervical (neck) vertebrae

50) The number of spots on a seven-spot ladybird

51) Chromosome 7 has 2,146 genes, including 39 diseases & disorders – such as cystic fibrosis, schizophrenia, types of osteoporosis, and Maple Syrup Urine Disease

52) Nitrogen is atomic number 7, so its neutral atom has 7 protons and 7 electrons

53) Heptane has 7 carbon atoms per molecule

54) The Periodic Table has 7 rows (periods) of known elements

55) Electrons have 7 main energy levels for electrons around the nucleus

56) Isaac Newton’s identified the 7 colors of the rainbow

CultureIn Culture
57) Septidi was the seventh day of the decade in the French Revolutionary Calendar.

58) A Blue Hand is the 7th glyph of the Maya Calendar, representing the days in creation

59) The Kulin people of Australia (living near the Dandenong Ranges) divide the year into seven seasons

60) Multiple cultures consider 7 to be an important number

In Technology
61) There are seven layers in the OSI model

62) Windows 7, the previous release of Windows series of operating systems from Microsoft, had the codename Vienna

63) F7 key launches spell and grammar check in Microsoft Word

64) 7-Zip is an open source file archiver used to compress files

Miscellaneous
65) Numbers on opposites sides of 6-sided dice total seven

66) The Partial List: seven deadly sins, seven classical planets, seven heavens, seven days in the week, seven colors in the rainbow, seven Seas, seven continents, seven kings of Rome, seven hills of Rome, EyeballCloseUpIstanbul, and Cincinnati; seven wonders of the ancient world, and seven wonders of the modern world, and 7 days a week

67) 7 is the calling code for Russia

68) This list of 77 items about 7 is celebrating the 7th anniversary of the launching of this blog (August 28, 2008). Thanks to all who have ever visited my little corner of the world – and a special thanks to those who returned and stayed

69) Stephen Covey identified 7 habits of highly-effective people

70) Mahatma Gandhi’s listed the Seven Blunders of the World that cause violence

71) According to the song, the seventh day of Christmas delivers 7 swans a swimming

72) Andrew Jackson was the 7th US President

73) Mercury 7 was the first class of US astronauts

74) Level 7 nuclear accident is a meltdown

75) 7 bone roast is also known as center-cut pot roast

76) The United Nations declared the world population surpassed 7 billion on October 31, 2011

77) 7&7 is also known as a highball – a mixed drink with Seagram’s Seven Crown Whiskey and 7-Up … cheers! … but I prefer wine and have quite the variety. I’m offerings for quite the range of tastes – 7 Deadly Zins, Henschke Henry’s Seven Rhone blend, J Lohr Estates Seven Oaks Cabernet Sauvignon, Evening Land Seven Springs Vineyard Gamay Noir, Seven Hills Dry Rose, Seven Stones Chardonnay, L’Ecole 41 Luminesce Seven Hills Vineyard Bordeaux White blend, Seven Springs Sangria Rojo, or Seven Daughters Moscato – so, which would you like? If you’re not sure, what taste do you prefer in your wine? For those who prefer a non-alcoholic drink, what would you like to drink?

WineToast

 

On 61

cooltextSixtyOneIt’s all the same: Sixty-one, Soixante et un, Sessanta uno, Einundsechzig, Kuusikymmentä yksi, Šedesát jedna, and Το εξήντα-ένα

In Entertainment

  • 61*, a 2001 baseball movie directed by Billy Crystal
  • Highway 61 is a 1991 film set on U.S. Route 61
  • The number of points required to win a “standard” game of Cribbage
  • 61A is the London address of Margot Wendice (Grace Kelly) and Tony Wendice (Ray Milland) in Dial M for Murder
  • 61st Primetime Emmy Awards took place on September 20, 2009
  • Now 61, a musical collection in the UK, was released on 25 July, 2005
  • The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King won the most awards at the 61st Golden Globes
  • The 61st Tony Awards awarded to top awards to The Coast of Utopia, Journey’s End, Spring Awakening, and Company
  • Channel 61 is a television station in Davenport (Iowa), Los Angeles, Cleveland, Harford (CT), New Orleans, Michigan’s Upper Peninsula, New Zealand, Cikarang (Indonesia), and Venezuela

In Music

  • Highway 61 Revisited is a Bob Dylan album
  • The Highway 61 Blues Festival occurs annually in Leland, Mississippi
  • 61/49 is an album by The Romantics
  • Joseph Haydn composed Symphony No. 61 in D major

In Literature

  • 61 Hours, written by Lee Childs, is part of the Jack Reacher series
  • Sixty-One Nails is a book by Mike Shevdon

In Mathematics

  • The 18th prime number, a cuban prime, a Pillai prime, the ninth Mersenne prime exponent, a Keith number a centered hexagonal number, a centered decagonal number, the sixth Euler zigzag number
  • The only base-14 prime number with a 6-digit period
  • Center Returning is Hexagram 61 of the Book of Changes
  • Divisible by 1, 61, and 8! + 1

In Science

  • On the Periodic Table, promethium has the atomic number 61, which means its neural atom has 61 protons and 61 electrons … A Jeopardy Extra – promethium do not have any stable isotopes
  • mir-61 microRNA is a short RNA molecule functioning to regulate the expression levels of other genes by several mechanisms
  • Nickel-61 is the nickel atom’s only stable isotope

In Space

  • Messier object M61 is a spiral galaxy in the constellation Virgo
  • The New General Catalogue (NGC) object 61 is a double spiral galaxy in the constellation Pisces
  • Saros series 61 lasted 1262.1 years and contained 71 solar eclipses
  • 61 Ursae Majoris is located about 31.1 light-years from Sol
  • STS-61, involving the space shuttle Endeavor, was the first mission to service the Hubble Telescope (launched 2 December 1992)

In World History
Year 61 CDE

  • Assyrian calendar year 4811, Buddhist calendar year 605, Korean calendar year 2394
  • Pliny the Younger born

Year 61 BC

  • Hebrew calendar 3700-3791, Thai solar calendar year 483, Holocene calendar year 9940
  • Prince Ptolemy born, later to become Pharaoh Ptolemy XIII

In US History

  • The 61st US Congress served from 1909-1911 with President William Howard Taft
  • Federalist No. 61, written by Alexander Hamilton, is the last of 3 essays about the power of Congress has in electing its members

In Geography

  • U.S. Route 61 is the highway that inspired so much attention on “Highway 61”
  • 1 Liberty Place is Philadelphia’s tallest building at 61 stories
  • US Route 61 covers 1,400 miles (2,300 km) connecting New Orleans, Louisiana and Wyoming, Minnesota while following the Mississippi River – which also has this popular yard sale
  • List of highway 61 in Canada, United Kingdom, and the United States
  • Antler No. 61 is a very small town in rural Saskatchewan
  • 61 North Parallel crosses Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia, United States, Canada, and Greenland
  • 61st Parallel South does not cross any land
  • 61 Meridian West Greenland, Canada, Martinique, Santa Lucia, Trinidad & Tobago, Venezuela, Guyana, Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina, and the Falkland Islands
  • 61 Meridian East crosses Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan

In Sports

  • New York Yankees Roger Maris hit 61 home runs in 1961, which brought an asterisk to the record book (hence the movie 61 *)
  • Pitching greats Nolan Ryan and Tom Seaver each had 61 career shutouts
  • Hockey great Wayne Gretzky holds or shares 61 NHL records (40 for regular season, 15 for Stanley Cup playoff and 6 for All-Star Games)
  • Los Angeles Lakers’ Elgin Baylor set a record for 61 points in a NBA finals game against the Boston Celtics (April 14, 1962)
  • The Ottawa Rough Riders defeated Edmonton Eskimos for the 61st Grey Cup title (1973)
  • Rotation, a variation of pool, is sometimes called 61
  • Richie Evans’ NASCAR Whelen Modified Tour car number was 61
  • Bill George (Chicago Bears) is the only #61 professional US sports jersey retired
  • In 229 NASCA races, #61 never earned the pole position, never won a race, and finished in the top five only 5 times

In Business

In Miscellaneous

  • The number of the French department Orne
  • The code for international direct dial phone calls to Australia
  • The code for setting a priority call on a phone is *61
  • Part 61 is a law created by the FAA regarding medical exams
  • The number of Citadel cadets on the Summerall Guards
  • The P-61, also called the Black Widow and first designated as the XP-61,is the first fighter aircraft to be a night fighter
  • No. 61 (Rust and Blue) is a 1953 painting by the Russian-American Abstract expressionist artist Mark Rothko
  • Psalm 61
  • Section 61 of the Internal Revenue Service code defines gross income
  • SixtyOne is a WordPress theme

For those who need to know, celebrations for today
My Way Day
Who Shall I Be Day
Human Spirit Day
Random Acts of Kindness Day
Café au Lait Day
Crab Races Day

On 59

Why a tribute to 59? Well, sometime in February I turned 59, so that’s a good enough reason for me. For tributes to other numbers, see Category > Numbers in the sidebar or click here.  Meanwhile, here’s more about fifty nine than you ever wanted to know.

In Language

Fifty nine is the same as padesát devět, vijftig negen, cinquante neuf, cinquanta nove, femtio nio, LIX, and more.

In Mathematics

  • Fifty-nine is the 17th smallest prime number and an Eisenstein prime
  • Since 15! + 1 is divisible by 59 but 59 is not one more than a multiple of 15, 59 is a Pillai prime (who would have guessed this)
  • Divisible by 1 and 59
  • Square root equals 7.68114574786861, but 59 squared is 3,481

In Science

  • The atomic number of praseodymium, whose neutrally charged atom contains 59 protons and 59 electrons
  • Messier object M59, a magnitude 11.5 galaxy in the constellation Virgo
  • 59 Sagittarii is a giant bright star in the constellation Sagittarius
  • The New General Catalogue object NGC 59, a magnitude 12.4 spiral galaxy in the constellation Cetus
  • The Saros 59 for solar eclipse series lasted 1280.1 years (from June 1031 BC to July 249 AD) and contained 72 solar eclipses
  • The Saros 39 for lunar eclipse series lasted 1298.1 years (from March 729 BC to May 569 AD) and contained 73 lunar eclipses
  • 59 degrees C = 138 degrees F; but 59 degrees F = 15 degrees C

In Entertainment

  • Beethoven’s Opus 59 consists of the three so-called Razumovsky Quartets
  • 59, an album by Puffy AmiYumi
  • The 1960s song The 59th Street Bridge Song (Feelin’ Groovy) was popularized by Simon & Garfunkel and Harpers Bizarre
  • The 59 Sound, an album by The Gaslight Anthem, includes thia song of the same name
  • 59 by the 1990s
  • 59 is a song by djTAKA from beatmania IIDX 2nd Style and Dance Dance Revolution 4thMIX
  •  59th Emmy Awards (2007) with ABC getting the most nominations
  •  59th Academy Awards (1987) with winners including Platoon, Paul Newman, and Marlee Matlin

In Sports

  • No retired 59s in the professional football, basketball, baseball, and hockey
  • Car 59 has only raced in 18 NASCAR races – never winning, never finishing in the top 10, and only finishing the race 4 times
  • Satchel Paige became the oldest major league baseball player at age 59
  • 59 is a the lowest golf score in a single round on the PGA Tour, achieved by Al Geiberger, Chip Beck, David Duval, Paul Goydos, andStuart Appleby and on the LPGA Tour by Annika Sörenstam

In Geography

  • The designation of Interstate 59, a freeway that runs from Louisiana to Georgia
  • The designation of US-59, a highway between Minnesota and Texas
  • The Queensboro Bridge in New York City is also known as the 59th Street Bridge (Feelin’ Groovy)
  • Central Park South is on 59th Street in New York City
  • 59th Street Manhattan
  • 59th Street Manhattan forms the border between Midtown Manhattan and Uptown Manhattan. It bisects Columbus Circle and forms the southern boundary of Central Park between Fifth Avenue and Central Park West, plus it has this subway stop.
  • 59th Parallel South does not intersect any land
  • 59th Meridian East is also known as the Herman Cain Meridian because it goes through Uzibeki-beki-beki-bekistan

In Travel

In Business

  • 59 Diner in Houston
  • Art of 59 – Handcrafted pedals from Luxemburg
  • Marina 59 Boatel is a fleet of abandoned boats renovated by artists in Rockaway, NY
  • Art Room 59, a gallery and gift shop in Fife, UK
  • 59Fifty is a line of New Era hats
  • 59 Productions (a media production company in the UK)
  • Five Nine, an amateur radio magazine published in Japan

In 59 AD

  • Started on Monday
  • Nero (aka Mr. Nice Guy) ordered his mother, Agrippina the Younger, killed. Since she survived the planned shipwreck, Nero ordered her executed and then ruled her death as suicide

In 59 BC

  • Caesar makes the Acta Diurna (Daily News) the world’s first public daily newspaper, which contains details of official decrees and appointments; births, deaths, and marriages. Even sport results—the outcome of the gladiatorial contests and chariot races at the capital – but no odds on upcoming gladiator matches by Jimmy the Greek
  • Caesar marries Calpurnia in Rome
  • Modern Florence, founded.
  • Pharaoh Ptolemy XIV of Egypt born
  • Prince He of Changyi, former Emperor of the Han Dynasty of China, died

Miscellaneous

  • The last minute in a given hour, and the last second in a given minute
  • Approximately the number of days in two lunar months
  • The number on a button commonly worn by feminist activists in the 1970s; this was based on the claim that a woman earned 59 cents to an equally qualified man’s dollar
  • In amateur radio, a perfect voice signal report
  • Art Project 59’s ’59 Seconds Video Festival'[2] at 59 Franklin Street, showed 59 videos to 59 different audiences, each 59 seconds long and incorporating the number 59
  • The number of the French department Nord
  • John Swartzwelder wrote “59” episodes of The Simpsons cartoon series
  • The TI-59 was a programmable calculator
  • Television channel 59 broadcast from Indianapolis, IN and Ghent, WV.
  • The 59th Congress served in 1905-1907 during the fifth and sixth years of the Theodore Roosevelt administration

On 3000

This month is a milestone for this blog – sometime today 3000 hits (for the month) happened for the first time … and only a few days after post #800.  So hey, why not a post dedicated to 3000! For those enjoying this sort of trivia, see the Numbers category in the sidebar.

In Language

3K, tre tusind, drie duizend, tre mila, три тысячи, Üç bin,

In Music

  • André 3000 is a rapper with the real name of André Lauren Benjamin
  • Year 3000 is a pop punk song by Busted, an English boyband

In Television

  • Class of 3000 is an animated show on Cartoon Network
  • 3000 Whys of Blue Cat is the first large-scale animated series in China with emphasis on science
  • The television series Futurama (airing 1999-2003) takes place in the year 3000 (See Dragonfae’s note in the comments)
  • Mystery Science Theater 3000 (MST3K) was a television show airing 1988-1999

In Sports

  • 3000 meters is a track event that runners do 7.5 laps of a 400 m track. The world records are held by Daniel Komen (Kenya, 7:20.67) and Wang Junxia (China, 8:06.11)
  • 3000 m racewalk is an Olympic event
  • 3000 meter steeplechase is a track event involving running and clearing 28 hurdles and 7 water jumps
  • 3000-Hit Club is the term for the baseball players achieving 3000 hits in their career – only 28 players to date, Cap Anson was the first, and Derek Jeter the most recent
  • 3000 Strikeouts Clubs is for baseball pitchers striking out 3000 batters. Only 16 pitchers have achieved this milestone – Walter Johnson was the first (John Smoltz the most recent)

In Movies

  • Mr. 3000 is a movie (2004) staring Bernie Mac and Angela Bassett
  • 3000 Miles to Graceland is a 2001 film with lousy reviews
  • 3000 Miles is a documentary of the 2006 Gumball 3000 rally

In Computers

  • Top Gear 3000 is a Super Nintendo video game
  • Lenovo 3000 is a series of computers

In Literature

  • In the novel The Brothers Karamazov (Dostoevsky), a recurring conflict between a father and his eldest son involves 3000 roubles
  • “3000 Days of Innocence” is from Harry Potter

Miscellaneous

  • The postal code for downtown Melbourne, Australia
  • Roman numeral MMM
  • The smallest number requiring thirteen letters to spell in English
  • USA 3000 is an airline
  • Many cars get an oil change every 3000 miles
  • Leonardo 3000 is a main-belt asteroid
  • December 31, 3000 marks the end of the 30th century

In 3000 BC

  • The middle of the bronze age
  • First evidence humans using of gold
  • Egyptians are building pyramids
  • Cycladic culture starts in Greece
  • Potter’s wheel appears in Mesopotamia