On 55

As you will see, 55 is an interesting number in many ways. No matter if it is fifty five, padesát pět, fünfzig fünf, cinquanta cinque, femtio fem, LV, or whatever language one chooses, this post is for my wife and everyone else who are in the fifty fifth year of life – which includes the author of Fifty Four and a Half.

Cheers to everything you ever wanted to know about 55 and afraid to ask.

PS: No, it’s not my wife’s birthday, but I better get this one up before her birthday (which is approaching).

In Mathematics

  • The 10th Fibonacci number
  • The sum of the numbers 1 to 10
  • The sum of the squares of integers 1 to 5
  • Divisible by 1, 5, 11, 55

In Science

  • The atomic number of caesium, an element whose neutral atom has 55 protons and 55 electons
  • The duration of Saros series 55 was 1280.1 years, and it contained 72 lunar eclipses

In US History

  • The number of Delegates attending the United States Constitutional Convention in 1787
  • The 55th Congress (1897-1899) met during the first two years of the William McKinley administration

In Geography

  • The number of the French department Meuse
  • The code for international direct dial phone calls to Brazil
  • 55th Street stretches two miles across midtown Manhattan
  • High-rise residents at 55 East Erie Street in Chicago
  • 55th Meridian East runs from the North Pole to the South Pole through Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran, UAE, Saudi Arabia, Oman, and Antarctica
  • 55th Meridian West runs from the North Pole to the South Pole through Greenland, Canada, Suriname, Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Uruguay, South Shetland Islands, and Antarctica

In Transportation

  • The highest speed limit allowed in the United States between 1974 and 1986 per the National Maximum Speed Law
  • In many states of the United States, a very common speed limit for rural secondary roads and many urban freeways
  • The number of European route E55 connects Helsingborg, Sweden to Greece
  • The designation of I-55, a freeway that runs from Louisiana to Illinois
  • NASA’s STS-55 (Space Shuttle mission)

In Literature

In Film

  • The number of Sacha Baron Cohen’s character, Jean Girard, in the 2006 film Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby
  • 55 Days at Peking starred Charlton Heston and David Niven
  • Winner of the 55th Academy Awards included Ben Kingsley (Gandhi), Meryl Streep (Sophie’s Choice), Lou Gossett, Jr (Officer and the Gentleman), and Jessica Lange (Tootsie)

In Music

  • A song produced by Group X was called Schfifty Five. With the addition of a flash animation, Schfifty Five became a common internet meme
  • 55 is the name of a song by British Indie Rock Band Kasabian
  • Sammy Hagar sang I Can’t Drive 55
  • Tom Waits (and later Sarah McLachlan) sang Ol’ 55
  • Cristian Vogel released an album titled Station 55
  • Ol’ 55, an Australian rock band
  • Primer 55 an American band

In Sports

  • In sports, the jersey number “55” is also known as “Double Nickels” or “Double Nicks”
  • No NFL, MLB, NBA, or NHL teams have retired 55
  • In NASCAR, drivers of 55 include Michael Waltrip (who never won), but three drivers haveL Benny Parsons, hil Parsons, and Bobby Hamilton

In Year 55 CE

  • Roman emperor Nero is also a Roman Consul.
  • The Roman jurist Sabinus writes three books on the rights of citizens.
  • The apostle Paul writes his First Epistle to the Corinthians.
  • Britannicus, son of Claudius (killed by supporters of Nero)

In Year 55 BC

  • Pompeii’s Theater built, the first permanent (non-wooden) theatres in Rome
  • Julius Caesar defeats a Germanic army then massacres the women and children, totaling 430,000 people, somewhere near the Meuse and Rhine Rivers
  • Caesar commands the first Roman invasion of Britain

In Business

Miscellaneous

  • In the dice game of craps, if you roll two 5s or a “55” this is commonly known as a hard 10 or double nickels
  • 55 Degrees North is a BBC television series
  • 55 US gallon drum, but standard size of a drum in the US is 44 gallons
  • Adolf Hitler was the fifty-fifth member of the National Socialist German Workers Party
  • Gazeta 55, an Albanian newspaper
  • Constitution law 55, a law during Communist Albania
  • Book, 55 Ways to Have Fun with Google

On 58

I’m 58, but since 59 is close, my chances to post this are diminishing. Whether it’s fifty eight, elli sekiz, cinquanta otto, femti åtte, Vijftig acht, or LVIII – it’s time for bountiful trivia buffet about 58.

In Mathematics

  • Fifty-eight is the sum of the first seven prime numbers, an 11-gonal number, and a Smith number
  • Given 58, the Mertens function returns 0
  • There is no solution to the equation x – φ(x) = 58, making 58 a noncototient
  • Divisible by 1, 2, 29, and 58

In Science

  • The atomic number of cerium, a lanthanide whose neutral atom contains 58 protons and 58 electrons
  • The minimum wind speed (mph) needed to issue a Severe Thunderstorm Warning
  • Messier object M58, a magnitude 11.0 galaxy in the constellation Virgo
  • The Saros number of the solar eclipse series that began on 1114 BC BC June and ended on 166 July – 1280.1 years, and with 72 solar eclipses
  • 58 degrees C is 134 degrees F, but 58 F = 14 C

In Music

  • John Cage CD “Fifty-Eight”
  • Fifty-Eight Now Nine, a collection of songs by Esther Lee
  • 58 was the name of a side project invovling Nikki Sixx of Mötley Crüe. They covered the song “Alone Again (Naturally)”
  • Band “Spur 58”
  • “58 Poems” sang by Chicago

In Literature

  • Book: 58 Lonely Men: Southern Federal Judges and School Desegregation is about 58 judges in the South during the Brown vs. Board of Education decision
  • Shakespeare’s Sonnet 58

In Entertainment

  • Channel 58: Milwaukee, Sacramento, and Tucson, Macon, Los Angeles, Charlotte, Dallas, Denver, Elkhart, Nashville, Toledo
  • In the popular TV show Spongebob Squarepants, Patrick claims that “58 is like the luckiest number ever”
  • The 58th Academy Awards (1986) honored films as Cocoon, Out of Africa, Prizzi’s Honor, The Color Purple, and Back to the Future
  • Film 58 focuses on poverty and is based on living Isaiah 58 (trailer)

In Sports

  • Longest headed goal is 58 meters
  • In the NBA, the most points ever scored in a fourth quarter was 58 by the Buffalo Braves (at Boston Celtics), Oct. 20, 1972
  • The Most points in a game by a rookie player: Wilt Chamberlain, 58: Philadelphia vs. Detroit, Jan. 25, 1960, and Philadelphia. vs. New York Knicks, Feb. 21, 1960
  • Retired NFL Jersey: Derrick Thomas (Chiefs)
  • In NASCAR, #58 has raced in only 41 races (0 wins, led 2 laps, and 1 top 10 finish) and driven most by Ricky Craven and Hut Stricklin

In Geography

  • The code for international direct dial phone calls to Venezuela
  • The number of counties in California
  • 58th west meridian extends north-south through Greenland, eastern Canada, Guyana, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina, Falkland Islands, South Shetland Islands, and Antarctica; plus forms the great circle with the 122 east meridian
  • 58th east meridian extends north-south through Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Iran, Oman, a lot of water, and Antarctica; plus forms the great circle with the 122 east meridian
  • 58th parallel north runs through Norway, Sweden, Estonia, Latvia, Russia, United States (Alaska), Canada, and Scotland
  • 58th parallel south only crosses oceans, thus no land
  • A section of 58th Street in Manhattan is known as Designer’s Way

In 58 AD

  • Roman emperor Nero and Marcus Valerius Messalla Corvinus become Roman consuls.
  • The friendship between Nero and Marcus Salvius Otho ends when they both fall in love with Poppea Sabina, and Otho is sent to Lusitania as governor
  • In Thuringia, conflict between two Germanic tribes erupts over access to water
  • Start of Yongping era of the Chinese Han Dynasty
  • Ming-Ti, new emperor of China, introduces Buddhism to China and the West Indus Valley
  • In China, sacrifices to Confucius are ordered in all government schools

In Year 58 BC

  • At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Piso and Gabinius
  • Cyprus becomes a Roman province
  • First year of Julius Caesar’s Gallic Wars
  • Romans build a 19-mile earthwork, complete with fortifications and watchtowers, between Lake Geneva and the Jura Mountains
  • Berenice IV becomes queen of Egypt after temporarily dethroning her father, Ptolemy XII Auletes

Miscellaneous

  • The number of usable cells on a Hexxagon game board
  • Associated with misfortune in many civilizations native to either Central America or Southern America due to their beliefs in the original 58 sins, the number came to symbolize curses and bad luck
  • The Fifty-eighth United States Congress (with a Republican majority) met from March 4, 1903 to March 4, 1905, during the third and fourth years of Theodore Roosevelt’s presidency
  • Buy a 58-gallon rain barrel here 
  • This is my 830th post, but 830 is not divisible by 58

On 34

Before our next wedding anniversary passes, I should dedicate a post to our 34th wedding anniversary. Then again, in fine male fashion, I could procrastinate. Nonetheless, I dedicate this post to my wife, who is probably reading this at work.

In mathematics

  • The ninth distinct semiprime
  • Divisible by 1, 2, 17, 34
  • Its neighbors (33 and 35) also have four divisors each, thus 34 is the smallest number surrounded by numbers with the same number of divisors as it has.
  • The ninth Fibonacci number and a companion Pell number, Markov number, and heptagonal number.
  • This number is the magic constant of a 4 by 4 normal magic square

In science

  • The atomic number of selenium, whose neutral atom has 34 protons and 34 electrons
  • At week 34 of pregnancy, the baby weighs over 4 lbs, 17” long, with a mature digestive system, settled into its final position, and surrounded by the maximum level of amniotic fluid
  • Saros solar eclipse series 34 was 1532.5 years (August 1917 BC to February 384 BC) and it contained 86 solar eclipses.
  • Saros lunar eclipse series 34 last 1298.1 years (May 1633 BC and ended on June 335 BC), and contained 73 lunar eclipses.

In Sports
Retired Baseball #34 Uniforms: Kirby Puckett (Minnesota Twins), Nolan Ryan (Houston Astros and Texas Rangers), and Rollie Fingers (Oakland Athletics and Milwaukee Brewers)

Retired NBA#34 Jerseys
Clyde Lovellete (Lakers), Mel Daniels (Pacers) Hakeem Olajuwon (Rockets), Austin Carr (Cavaliers), Charles Barkley (Suns and 76’ers),

Retired NFL #34 Jerseys: Walter Payton (Bears), Earl Campbell (Houston Oilers/Tennessee Titans), and Joe Perry (49’ers)

Reds Players Wearing #34: Pedro Borbon (1972-1974,1976,1978-1979), Fred Norman (1979), Bill Scherrer (1983-1984), Alan Knicely (1985), Mike Smith (1986), Bill Gullickson (1987), Jeff Reed (1990,1992), current Red Homer Bailey

Stone Street won the 34th Kentucky Derby (1908)
Golfer Bobby Jones won the 34th US Open (1930)
St. Louis Rams won Super Bowl XXXIV by defeating the Tennessee Titans 23-16 (1999 regular season)

No #34 has ever won a NASCAR race, but John Andretti has raced it the most times.

In US History

  • 34th US President was Dwight D Eisenhower
  • 34th Congress met from March 4, 1855 to March 4, 1857 with 62 senators and 234 representatives during the last two years of President Franklin Pierce’s term.
  • 34th parallel north formed the northern boundary of the Confederate State of Arizona

In the Military

  • 34th Bomb Squadron is one the oldest squadrons in the USAF
  • USAF deactivated the 34th Fighter Squadron in 2010
  • 34th Armored Regiment and assigned to the 5th Armored Division

In Geography

  • Code for international direct-dial phone calls to Spain
  • The traffic code of Istanbul, Turkey
  • 34th parallel north crosses Algeria, Tunisia, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Indian, China, South Korea, Japan, California (through LA) to South Carolina (through Columbia), North Carolina, and Morocco (through Rabat)
  • 34th parallel south cross South Africa (through Cape Town), Australia, Chile, Argentina, and Uruguay
  • 34th meridian east extents from the North Pole to the South Pole while passing through Russia, Ukraine, Turkey, Cyprus, Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Malawi,, Mozambique,, and Antarctica
  • 34th meridian east extends from the North Pole to the South Pole only passing land through Greenland, the eastern tip of Brazil, and Antarctica.
  • 34th Street in Manhattan includes Macy’s Herald Square, Penn Station, and the Empire State Building
  • US Route 34 is a 1,122 mile connection between Granby, Colorado and Chicago.

In Entertainment

  • West Side Story won Best Picture at the 34th Academy Awards
  • Rocky won Best Film at the 34th Golden Globe Awards
  • Unforgettable by Natalie Cole won Best Song at the 34th Grammy Awards
  • Barney Miller and Hill Street Blues won Best Comedy and Best Drama respectively at the 34th Emmy Awards
  • Children of a Lesser God won Best Play at the 34th Tony Awards
  • Holiday movie, Miracle on 34th Street
  • Rule 34, a novel by Charles Stross
  • #34″, a song by the Dave Matthews Band
  • The lucky number of Victor Pelevin’s protagonist Stepan Mikhailov in the novel Numbers,

In the Year 34 AD

  • Year 34 a common year starting on Friday
  • Bengali calendar year -559, Korean calendar year 2367, and Holocene calendar year 10034
  • Construction of a three-tier Roman aqueduct beginning in Nîmes and running for 269 miles.
  • St. Paul and St. Barnabas start preaching the gospel to the Gentiles.
  • Deaths Stephen, the first martyr of Christianity (stoned to death by Jewish leaders for preaching that Jesus was the Christ)

In the 34 BC Year

  • 34 BC was either a common year starting on Friday, Saturday or Sunday or a leap year starting on Friday or Saturday
  • Buddhist calendar year 511, Coptic calendar year -317 – 316, Islamic calendar year 675 BH – 674 BH
  • Mark Antony becomes Roman Consul for the second time.
  • Antony distributes the eastern kingdoms as a gift to the children of Cleopatra VII of Egypt;
  • Antony declared Caesarion, Caesar’s legitimate son as co-ruler of Egypt and Cyprus.
  • Antony established Cleopatra as a Hellenistic monarch at Alexandria and gives her the title of “Queen of Kings”.

Miscellaneous

On 3000

This month is a milestone for this blog – sometime today 3000 hits (for the month) happened for the first time … and only a few days after post #800.  So hey, why not a post dedicated to 3000! For those enjoying this sort of trivia, see the Numbers category in the sidebar.

In Language

3K, tre tusind, drie duizend, tre mila, три тысячи, Üç bin,

In Music

  • André 3000 is a rapper with the real name of André Lauren Benjamin
  • Year 3000 is a pop punk song by Busted, an English boyband

In Television

  • Class of 3000 is an animated show on Cartoon Network
  • 3000 Whys of Blue Cat is the first large-scale animated series in China with emphasis on science
  • The television series Futurama (airing 1999-2003) takes place in the year 3000 (See Dragonfae’s note in the comments)
  • Mystery Science Theater 3000 (MST3K) was a television show airing 1988-1999

In Sports

  • 3000 meters is a track event that runners do 7.5 laps of a 400 m track. The world records are held by Daniel Komen (Kenya, 7:20.67) and Wang Junxia (China, 8:06.11)
  • 3000 m racewalk is an Olympic event
  • 3000 meter steeplechase is a track event involving running and clearing 28 hurdles and 7 water jumps
  • 3000-Hit Club is the term for the baseball players achieving 3000 hits in their career – only 28 players to date, Cap Anson was the first, and Derek Jeter the most recent
  • 3000 Strikeouts Clubs is for baseball pitchers striking out 3000 batters. Only 16 pitchers have achieved this milestone – Walter Johnson was the first (John Smoltz the most recent)

In Movies

  • Mr. 3000 is a movie (2004) staring Bernie Mac and Angela Bassett
  • 3000 Miles to Graceland is a 2001 film with lousy reviews
  • 3000 Miles is a documentary of the 2006 Gumball 3000 rally

In Computers

  • Top Gear 3000 is a Super Nintendo video game
  • Lenovo 3000 is a series of computers

In Literature

  • In the novel The Brothers Karamazov (Dostoevsky), a recurring conflict between a father and his eldest son involves 3000 roubles
  • “3000 Days of Innocence” is from Harry Potter

Miscellaneous

  • The postal code for downtown Melbourne, Australia
  • Roman numeral MMM
  • The smallest number requiring thirteen letters to spell in English
  • USA 3000 is an airline
  • Many cars get an oil change every 3000 miles
  • Leonardo 3000 is a main-belt asteroid
  • December 31, 3000 marks the end of the 30th century

In 3000 BC

  • The middle of the bronze age
  • First evidence humans using of gold
  • Egyptians are building pyramids
  • Cycladic culture starts in Greece
  • Potter’s wheel appears in Mesopotamia

On 17

Being a relatively low number, 17 is a frequently used. In our house, 17 is a special number in this house because both of us have birthdays on the 17th of different months. With that in mind, it’s time to learning more about 17.

Mathematics

  • Seventeen is the 7th prime number
  • 17 is the sum of the first four primes
  • 17 is the only positive Genocchi number that is prime
  • There are exactly seventeen two-dimensional space groups in plane geometry
  • Only divisible by two numbers: 1 and 17

In science

  • The atomic number of chlorine, thus its neutral atom has 17 protons and 17 electrons
  • On the Periodic Table, the Halogens are Group 17
  • Some cicada species have a 17-year life cycle between matings

Age 17
Depending on the state, 17 is the age of consent for purchasing M-rated video games, donating blood, obtaining driver’s license, renting or purchasing R-rated movies, and the age one can enlist in the armed forces with parental permission.

Music

  • “17”, a song recorded by Rick James, Winger, Milburn, Shilina Ringo, Kings of Leon, and the Smashing Pumpkins, which took 17 seconds
  • Seventeen is a song by Ladyron, Jimmy Eat Word, Shaka Rock
  • 17/seventeen appears in numerous song titles: She’s Sexy + 17 (Stray Cats), At Seventeen (Janis Ian), Edge of Seventeen (Stevie Nicks), 17 Days (Prince), 17 Again (Eurythmics)
  • “Seventeen” was the original name of The Beatles song “I Saw Her Standing There” which begins with the lyric “Well, she was just seventeen if you know what I mean.”

Film

  • Number Seventeen (1932), Stalag 17 (1953), directed by Billy Wilder, and Try Seventeen (2002)
  • In the film Three Days of the Condor, the title character played by Robert Redford works in section 17 of the CIA

Print

  • The title of Seventeen, a magazine
  • The number 17 is a recurring theme in the works of novelist Steven Brust. All of his chaptered novels have either 17 chapters or two books of 17 chapters each. Multiples of 17 frequently appear in his novels set in the fantasy world of Dragaera, where the number is considered holy
  • In The Illuminatus! Trilogy, the symbol for Discordianism includes a pyramid with 17 steps because 17 has “virtually no interesting geometric, arithmetic, or mystical qualities”. However, for the Illuminati, 17 is tied with the “23/17 phenomenon”
  • In the Harry Potter universe 17 is the coming of age for wizards. It is equivalent to the usual coming of age at 18
  • 17 is the number of Sickles in one Galleon in the British wizards’ currency

Religion

  • According to Leon Kass, 17 has some significant meaning (as yet not known exactly) in the book of Genesis
  • The number of the raka’ahs that Muslims perform during Salah on a daily basis
  • The number of surat al-Isra in the Qur’an
  • 17th pope was Urban I, whose pontificate was 222 – 230

Sports

  • Cincinnati Reds wearing #17: Tommy Harper, Billy Martin, Fred Whitfield, Terry Crowley, Tom Lawless, Joe Nolan, Chris Sabo, and Aaron Boone
  • Super Bowl XVII: At the Rose Bowl, Redskins 27- Dolphins 17, John Riggins MVP
  • MLB: One retired 17: Dizzy Dean (Cardinals)
  • NBA: two retired 17s; John Havlicek (Celtics) and John Pollard (Lakers)
  • NFL: no retired 17s
  • NHL: two retired 17s; Rod Brind’Amour (Hurricanes), Jari Kurri (Oilers)
  • Kingman won the 17th Kentucky Derby (1891)
  • NASCAR: 17 is currently driven by Matt Kenseth (18 wins); and previously the number of Darryl Waltrip (15 wins)

Seventeen is:

  • Described at MIT as ‘the least random number’, according to hackers’ lore
  • The number of guns in a 17-gun salute to U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps Generals, and Navy and Coast Guard Admirals
  • the four-engine heavy bomber as flown by the USAAF and other Allies and known as “The Flying Fortress” and the B-17
  • The maximum number of strokes of a Chinese radical
  • The number of syllables in a haiku (5+7+5)

Geography

  • The designation of United States Interstate 17, a freeway in Arizona
  • The designation of U.S. Route 17, a highway that runs from Virginia to Florida
  • Seventeen, also known as Lock Seventeen, an unincorporated place in Clay Township, Tuscarawas County, Ohio
  • 17th street Manhattan 17th Street forms the northern borders of both Union Square (between Broadway and Park Avenue South) and Stuyvesant Square
  • The 17th Street Canal is a drainage canal in Greater New Orleans, Louisiana that flows into Lake Pontchartrain
  • *17 is a downtown Houston restaurant http://www.17food.com/

Culture

  • 17 is considered unlucky In Italian culture
  • Roman numeral XVII
  • Also referred to as diciassette, Zeventien, sytten, On yedi, saptesprezece ani

History
Year 17 AD

  • Started on a Friday
  • Buddist calendar year 561, Holocene calendar 10017, Korean calendar 2350, Thai solar calendar 560
  • Emperor Tiberius sends Germanicus to the east in order to lead a military campaign against Parthia.
  • Beginning of a civil war in Germania
  • Herod Antipas, son of Herod the Great, builds on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee, the city Tiberias in honor of Tiberius
  • An earthquake in Asia Minor destroys the city of Sardis

17 BC

  • Bengali calendar -609, Burmese calendar -654, Hebrew calendar 3744-3745, Byzantine calendar 5482-5493
  • Under emperor Augustus, Rome celebrates the Secular games, for which Horace’s hymn the Carmen Saeculare is commissioned

The 17th century

  • The Baroque cultural movement
  • The French Grand Siècle dominated by Louis XIV
  • The beginning of modern science and philosophy
  • The Ottoman, Persian and Mughal empires flourished, the Edo period in feudal Japan, and the violent transition from the Ming to the Qing Dynasty in China

US History

  • Ohio is the 17th state
  • 17th Congress met from March 4, 1821 to March 3, 1823 during the first two years of the second of President James Monroe’s administration
  • In 2008, Michigan had 17 electoral votes, but no state will have 17 electoral votes in 2012
  • 17th Amendment (adopted April 8, 1913) provides the direct election of US Senators
  • Andrew Johnson, 17th US President

World Leaders

  • Dagobert III served as the 17th King of France 23 April 711 715
  • Pope John XVII only served from May 16, 1003 to December 6, 1003
  • Ethelred II, aka Ethelred the Unready, was the 17th King of England and had two reigns (978-1013 and 1014-1016), the resigns were interrupted by invading Danish Vikings